For the complete code of upload callback, see GitHub.

Run the following code for upload callback:

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using Aliyun.OSS;
using Aliyun.OSS.Common;
using Aliyun.OSS.Util;
namespace Callback
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            Program.PutObjectCallback();
            Console.ReadKey();
        }
        public static void PutObjectCallback()
        {
            var endpoint = "<yourEndpoint>";
            var accessKeyId = "<yourAccessKeyId>";
            var accessKeySecret = "<yourAccessKeySecret>";
            var bucketName = "<yourBucketName>";
            var objectName = "<yourObjectName>";
            var localFilename = "<yourLocalFilename>";
            // Specify the IP address of the server you want to send the callback request to.
            const string callbackUrl = "http://oss-demo.aliyuncs.com:23450";
            # Configure the value of the body field carried in the callback request.
            const string callbackBody = "bucket=${bucket}&object=${object}&etag=${etag}&size=${size}&mimeType=${mimeType}&" +
                                        "my_var1=${x:var1}&my_var2=${x:var2}";
            // Create an OSSClient instance.
            var client = new OssClient(endpoint, accessKeyId, accessKeySecret);
            try
            {
                string responseContent = "";
                var metadata = BuildCallbackMetadata(callbackUrl, callbackBody);
                using (var fs = File.Open(localFilename, FileMode.Open))
                {
                    var putObjectRequest = new PutObjectRequest(bucketName, objectName, fs, metadata);
                    var result = client.PutObject(putObjectRequest);
                    responseContent = GetCallbackResponse(result);
                }
                Console.WriteLine("Put object:{0} succeeded, callback response content:{1}", objectName, responseContent);
            }
            catch (OssException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Failed with error code: {0}; Error info: {1}. \nRequestID: {2}\tHostID: {3}",
                    ex.ErrorCode, ex.Message, ex.RequestId, ex.HostId);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Failed with error info: {0}", ex.Message);
            }
        }
        // Configure upload callback.
        private static ObjectMetadata BuildCallbackMetadata(string callbackUrl, string callbackBody)
        {
            string callbackHeaderBuilder = new CallbackHeaderBuilder(callbackUrl, callbackBody). Build();
            string CallbackVariableHeaderBuilder = new CallbackVariableHeaderBuilder().
                AddCallbackVariable("x:var1", "x:value1"). AddCallbackVariable("x:var2", "x:value2"). Build();
            var metadata = new ObjectMetadata();
            metadata.AddHeader(HttpHeaders.Callback, callbackHeaderBuilder);
            metadata.AddHeader(HttpHeaders.CallbackVar, CallbackVariableHeaderBuilder);
            return metadata;
        }
        // Read the message returned from upload callback.
        private static string GetCallbackResponse(PutObjectResult putObjectResult)
        {
            string callbackResponse = null;
            using (var stream = putObjectResult.ResponseStream)
            {
                var buffer = new byte[4 * 1024];
                var bytesRead = stream.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);
                callbackResponse = Encoding.Default.GetString(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
            }
            return callbackResponse;
        }
    }
}
Note For more information about upload callback, see Upload callback in the Developer Guide.