This topic describes how to create a Service in a serverless Kubernetes (ASK) cluster.
A serverless Kubernetes (ASK) cluster is created. For more information, see Create an ASK cluster.
A Kubernetes Service, also known as a microservice, is an abstraction that defines a logical set of pods and a policy that is used to access the pods. A label selector is used to determine which set of pods is targeted by a Service.
Each pod in Kubernetes clusters has its own IP address. However, pods are frequently created and deleted. Therefore, it is not highly available to directly expose pods to external access. Services decouple the frontend from the backend. The frontend clients do not need to be aware of which backend pods are used. This provides a loosely-decoupled microservice architecture.
For more information, see Kubernetes Services.
Step 1: Create a Deployment
Create a Deployment from an image. In this example, a Deployment named serverless-app-deployment is created. For more information, see Create an application from an image.
Step 2: Create a Service
- Log on to the Container Service for Kubernetes (ACK) console.
- In the left-side navigation pane of the ACK console, click Clusters.
- On the Clusters page, click the name of a cluster or click Details in the Actions column.
- In the left-side navigation pane of the details page, choose .
- In the upper-right corner of the page, click Create.
- In the Create Service dialog box, set the following parameters:
- Name: the name of the Service. In this example, nginx-svc is used.
- Type: the type of the Service. This parameter specifies how the Service is accessed.
- Cluster IP: the ClusterIP Service. This type of Service exposes the Service through
an internal IP address of the cluster. If you select this option, the Service is accessible
only within the cluster. This is the default value.
Note The Headless Service option is available only when you select Cluster IP.
- Server Load Balancer: the LoadBalancer Service. This type of Service is accessed by
using Server Load Balancer (SLB) instances. If you select this option, you can enable
internal or external access to the Service. An SLB instance can route access to NodePort
and ClusterIP Services.
Note You can create an SLB instance or use an existing SLB instance. You can also associate an SLB instance with more than one Service. However, you must take note of the following limits:
- If you use an existing SLB instance, the listeners of the SLB instance overwrite the listeners of the Service.
- If an SLB instance is created along with a Service, you cannot use this SLB instance to expose other Services. Otherwise, the SLB instance may be deleted. You can reuse only SLB instances that are manually created in the console or by calling the API.
- The SLB instance must listen on different Service ports if the SLB instance exposes more than one Service. Otherwise, port conflicts may occur.
- When an SLB instance exposes multiple Services, the names of listeners and vServer groups are used as unique identifiers in Kubernetes. Do not modify the names of listeners and vServer groups.
- You cannot use an SLB instance to expose Services across clusters.
- Cluster IP: the ClusterIP Service. This type of Service exposes the Service through an internal IP address of the cluster. If you select this option, the Service is accessible only within the cluster. This is the default value.
- Backend: Select the backend object for the Service. In this example, the previously created serverless-app-deployment application is selected. If you do not associate the Service with a backend object, no Endpoint object will be created. You can also manually bind the Service to an Endpoint object. For more information, see Create a Service without selectors.
- External Traffic Policy: Select Local or Cluster.
Note External Traffic Policy is available only when you select Node Port or Server Load Balancer.
- Port Mapping: Set the Service port and container port. The container port must be the same as the one that is exposed by the backend pod.
- Annotations: Add annotations to the Service and configure parameters for the SLB instance. For
example, an annotation of
service.beta.kubernetes.io/alicloud-loadbalancer-bandwidth:20specifies that the Service bandwidth is set to 20 Mbit/s. This allows you to limit the traffic that flows through the Service. For more information about annotations, see Use annotations to configure load balancing.
- Label: Add labels to the Service.
- Click Create. After the nginx-svc Service is created, it appears on the Services page.