This tutorial provides a step-by-step guide on how to configure SNAT and DNAT so that ECS instances in a VPC can communicate with the Internet through NAT Gateway.
Before you begin, make sure that the following conditions are met:
- Create a NAT Gateway
NAT Gateway is an enterprise-class VPC Internet gateway that provides NAT proxy services. You must create a NAT Gateway before configuring SNAT and DNAT entries.
For more information, see Create a NAT Gateway.
- Associate an EIP with a NAT Gateway
A NAT Gateway can work normally only after it is associated with a public IP address. After you create a NAT Gateway, you can associate an Elastic IP Address (EIP) with the NAT Gateway.
For more information, see Associate an EIP.
- Create a DNAT entry
NAT Gateway supports DNAT, which maps a public IP address to an ECS instance so that the ECS instance can provide Internet services. DNAT supports both port mapping and IP mapping.
For more information, see Create a DNAT entry.
- Create an SNAT entry
NAT Gateway supports SNAT, which allows ECS instances without a public IP address in a VPC to access the Internet.
For more information, see Create an SNAT entry.