MaxCompute SQL provides common date functions. You can select an appropriate date function based on your needs to complete date calculation and conversion. This topic describes the syntax, parameters, and examples of date functions supported by MaxCompute SQL. It guides you through data development by using date functions.

Function Description
DATEADD Modifies a date value based on datepart and delta.
DATE_ADD Determines the value of startdate based on delta.
DATEDIFF Calculates the difference between two date values based on the time unit specified by datepart.
DATEPART Returns a specified part of a date value.
DATETRUNC Truncates a date value based on the time unit specified by datepart.
GETDATE Returns the current system time as a date value.
ISDATE Determines whether a date string can be converted into a date value in a specified format.
LASTDAY Returns the last day of the month in which the specified date value falls.
TO_DATE Converts a string to a date value in a specified format.
TO_CHAR Converts a date value to a string in a specified format.
UNIX_TIMESTAMP Converts a date value to a UNIX timestamp that is an integer.
FROM_UNIXTIME Converts a UNIX timestamp of the BIGINT type to a date value of the DATETIME type.
WEEKDAY Returns a number that represents the day of the week in which the provided date falls.
WEEKOFYEAR Returns a number that represents the week of the year in which the provided date falls.
YEAR Returns the year in which the specified date value falls.
QUARTER Returns the quarter in which the specified date value falls.
MONTH Returns the month in which the specified date value falls.
DAY Returns the day in which the specified date value falls.
DAYOFMONTH Returns the day part of a date value.
HOUR Returns the hour part of a date value.
MINUTE Returns the minute part of a date value.
SECOND Returns the second part of a date value.
CURRENT_TIMESTAMP Returns the current timestamp.
FROM_UTC_TIMESTAMP Converts a UTC timestamp to a timestamp for a specified time zone.
ADD_MONTHS Returns a date value that is obtained after a number of months are added to a specified date.
LAST_DAY Returns the last day of the month in which the specified date value falls.
NEXT_DAY Returns the date of the first weekday that is later than a specified data value.
MONTHS_BETWEEN Returns the number of months between date1 and date2.
EXTRACT Returns a specified part of a timestamp.

DATEADD

  • Syntax
    DATETIME DATEADD(DATETIME date, BIGINT delta, STRING datepart)
  • Description

    Modifies a date value based on datepart and delta that you specified. To modify the current time to a date value based on a specified delta, you can use this function with the GETDATE function.

  • Parameters
    • date: a date value of the DATETIME type.

      If the input value is of the STRING type, it is implicitly converted into a value of the DATETIME type before calculation. If the input value is of another data type, an error is returned.

    • delta: a value of the BIGINT type, which indicates the interval to add to or subtract from the specified part of a date value. If the value of delta is greater than 0, the date value is incremented. Otherwise, the date value is decremented.

      If the input value is of the STRING or DOUBLE type, it is implicitly converted into a value of the BIGINT type before calculation. If the input value is of another data type, an error is returned.

      Note
      • If you add or subtract the interval specified by delta at a date part, a carry or return at more significant date parts may occur. The year, month, hour, minute, and second parts are computed by using different numeral systems. The year part uses the base-10 numeral system. The month part uses the base-12 numeral system. The hour part uses the base-24 numeral system. The minute and second parts use the base-60 numeral system.
      • If the DATEADD function adds an interval specified by delta to the month part of a date value of the DATETIME type and this operation does not cause an overflow of day, keep day unchanged. Otherwise, set day to the last day of the specified month.
    • datepart: the part you want to modify in the date value. The value is a constant of the STRING type. For example, dd indicates a day. If the value is in an invalid format or is not a constant of the STRING type, an error is returned.

      The value of this parameter is specified in compliance with the rules of conversions between the STRING and DATETIME types. That is, the value yyyy indicates that the DATEADD function adds an interval to the year part of the date value, whereas the value mm indicates that the DATEADD function adds an interval to the month part of the date value. For more information about the rules of data type conversion, see Type conversion. Extended date formats are also supported, such as -year, -month, -mon, -day, and -hour.

  • Return value

    A value of the DATETIME type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned.

  • Examples
    • Example 1: Common use of DATEADD
      -- The return value is 2005-03-01 00:00:00. After one day is added, the result is beyond the last day of February. The actual date value is the first day of March.
      SELECT DATEADD(DATETIME '2005-02-28 00:00:00', 1, 'dd') ;
      -- The return value is 2005-02-27 00:00:00. One day is subtracted.
      SELECT DATEADD(DATETIME '2005-02-28 00:00:00', -1, 'dd');
      -- The return value is 2006-10-28 00:00:00. After 20 months are added, the month overflows, and the year increases by 1.
      SELECT DATEADD(DATETIME '2005-02-28 00:00:00', 20, 'mm');
      -- The return value is 2005-03-28 00:00:00.
      SELECT DATEADD(DATETIME '2005-02-28 00:00:00', 1, 'mm');
      -- The return value is 2005-02-28 00:00:00. February in 2005 has only 28 days. Therefore, the last day of February is returned.
      SELECT DATEADD(DATETIME '2005-01-29 00:00:00', 1, 'mm');
      -- The return value is 2005-02-28 00:00:00.
      SELECT DATEADD(DATETIME '2005-03-30 00:00:00', -1, 'mm');
      -- Assume that the current time is 2020-11-17 16:31:44. The return value is 2020-11-16 16:31:44.
      SELECT DATEADD(GETDATE(),-1,'dd');
    • Example 2: Use of DATEADD in which a value of the DATETIME type is expressed as a constant.
      In MaxCompute SQL statements, a value of the DATETIME type cannot be directly expressed as a constant. The following statement uses an invalid expression of a value of the DATETIME type:
      SELECT DATEADD(2005-03-30 00:00:00, -1, 'mm') FROM tbl1;
      The following statement demonstrates how to correctly express a constant as a value of the DATETIME type.
      -- Explicitly convert a constant of the STRING type to the DATETIME type.
      SELECT DATEADD(CAST("2005-03-30 00:00:00" AS DATETIME), -1, 'mm') FROM tbl1;

DATE_ADD

  • Syntax
    DATE DATE_ADD(DATE/TIMESTAMP/STRING startdate, BIGINT delta)
  • Description

    Determines the value of startdate based on delta. To modify the current time to a date value based on a specified delta, you can use this function with the GETDATE function.

  • Parameters
    • startdate: the start date. The value of the DATE, DATETIME, or STRING type is supported. If the value is of another data type, an error is returned.

      If the input value is of the STRING type, it is implicitly converted into a value of the DATE type before calculation. The value of the STRING type is in the format of 'yyyy-mm-dd', for example, '2019-12-27'.

    • delta: a value of the BIGINT type, which indicates the interval to add to or subtract from the specified part of the date value. If it is of another type, an error is returned. If the value of delta is greater than 0, the date value is incremented. Otherwise, the date value is decremented.
  • Return value

    A value of the DATE type.

  • Examples
    -- Enable the new data types introduced in MaxCompute V2.0. Commit this statement along with SQL statements.
    SET odps.sql.type.system.odps2=true;
    -- The return value is 2005-03-01. After one day is added, the result is beyond the last day of February. The actual value is the first day of March.
    SELECT DATE_ADD(DATETIME '2005-02-28 00:00:00', 1);
    -- The return value is 2005-02-27. One day is subtracted.
    SELECT DATE_ADD(DATE '2005-02-28', -1);
    -- The return value is 2005-03-20.
    SELECT DATE_ADD( '2005-02-28 00:00:00', 20);
    -- Assume that the current time is 2020-11-17 16:31:44. The return value is 2020-11-16.
    SELECT DATE_ADD(GETDATE(),-1);

DATEDIFF

  • Syntax
    BIGINT DATEDIFF(DATETIME date1, DATETIME date2, STRING datepart)
  • Description

    Calculates the difference between date1 and date2. The difference is measured in the time unit specified by datepart.

  • Parameters
    • datet1 and date2: values of the DATETIME type, which indicate the minuend and subtrahend. If the input values are of the STRING type, they are implicitly converted into the values of the DATETIME type before calculation. If the input values are of another data type, an error is returned.
    • datepart: the time unit, which is a constant of the STRING type. This parameter supports extended date formats. If datepart is not in the specified format or is of another data type, an error is returned.

      If you enable new data types of MaxCompute, datepart can be left unspecified. By default, day is used.

      Note This function omits the lower unit based on the time unit specified by datepart, and then calculates the result.
  • Return value

    A value of the BIGINT type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned. A negative value is returned if date1 is earlier than date2.

  • Examples
    --The start time is 2005-12-31 23:59:59 and the end time is 2006-01-01 00:00:00.
        SELECT DATEDIFF(end, start, 'dd') = 1
        SELECT DATEDIFF(end, start, 'mm') = 1
        SELECT DATEDIFF(end, start, 'yyyy') = 1
        SELECT DATEDIFF(end, start, 'hh') = 1
        SELECT DATEDIFF(end, start, 'mi') = 1
        SELECT DATEDIFF(end, start, 'ss') = 1
        SELECT DATEDIFF(DATETIME'2013-05-31 13:00:00', '2013-05-31 12:30:00', 'ss') = 1800
        SELECT DATEDIFF(DATETIME'2013-05-31 13:00:00', '2013-05-31 12:30:00', 'mi') = 30
    --The start time is 2018-06-04 19:33:23.234 and the end time is 2018-06-04 19:33:23.250. Date values with milliseconds do not adopt the standard DATETIME type and therefore cannot be implicitly converted into the DATETIME type. In this case, explicit conversion is required.
        SELECT DATEDIFF(TO_DATE('2018-06-04 19:33:23.250', 'yyyy-MM-dd hh:mi:ss.ff3'),TO_DATE('2018-06-04 19:33:23.234', 'yyyy-MM-dd hh:mi:ss.ff3') , 'ff3') = 16

DATEPART

  • Syntax
    BIGINT DATEPART(DATETIME date, STRING datepart)
  • Description

    Returns a specified part of a date value.

  • Parameters
    • date: a value of the DATETIME type. If the input value is of the STRING type, it is implicitly converted into a value of the DATETIME type before calculation. If the input value is of another data type, an error is returned.
    • datepart: a constant of the STRING type. This parameter supports extended date formats. If datepart is not in the specified format or is of another data type, an error is returned.
  • Return value

    A value of the BIGINT type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned.

  • Examples
    SELECT DATEPART(DATETIME'2013-06-08 01:10:00', 'yyyy')  =  2013
    SELECT DATEPART(DATETIME'2013-06-08 01:10:00', 'mm')  =  6

DATETRUNC

  • Syntax
    DATETIME DATETRUNC (DATETIME date, STRING datepart)
  • Description

    Truncates a date value based on the time unit specified by datepart.

  • Parameters
    • date: a value of the DATETIME type. If the input value is of the STRING type, it is implicitly converted into a value of the DATETIME type before calculation. If the input value is of another data type, an error is returned.
    • datepart: a constant of the STRING type. This parameter supports extended date formats. If datepart is not in the specified format or is of another data type, an error is returned.
  • Return value

    A value of the DATETIME type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned.

  • Examples
    SELECT DATETRUNC(DATETIME'2011-12-07 16:28:46', 'yyyy') = 2011-01-01 00:00:00
    SELECT DATETRUNC(DATETIME'2011-12-07 16:28:46', 'month') = 2011-12-01 00:00:00
    SELECT DATETRUNC(DATETIME'2011-12-07 16:28:46', 'DD') = 2011-12-07 00:00:00

GETDATE

  • Syntax
    DATETIME GETDATE()
  • Description

    Returns the current system time as a date value. MaxCompute uses UTC+8 as the standard time zone.

  • Return value

    A value of the DATETIME type, which indicates the current date and time.

    Note In a MaxCompute SQL task that is executed in a distributed manner, GETDATE always returns a fixed value. The return value is an arbitrary time during the execution of the MaxCompute SQL task. The time is accurate to seconds. In MaxCompute V2.0 that supports more data types, the time is accurate to milliseconds.

ISDATE

  • Syntax
    BOOLEAN ISDATE(STRING date, STRING format)
  • Description

    Determines whether a date string can be converted into a date value in a specified format. If the date string can be converted into a date value in the specified format, TRUE is returned. Otherwise, FALSE is returned.

  • Parameters
    • date: a value of the STRING type. If the input value is of the BIGINT, DOUBLE, DECIMAL, or DATETIME type, it is implicitly converted into a value of the STRING type before calculation. If the input value is of another data type, an error is returned.
    • format: a constant of the STRING type. This parameter does not support extended date formats. If the input value is of another data type, an error is returned. If redundant format strings exist in format, this function converts the date string that corresponds to the first format string into a date value. The rest strings are treated as delimiters. For example, ISDATE("1234-yyyy", "yyyy-yyyy") returns TRUE.
  • Return value

    A value of the BOOLEAN type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned.

LASTDAY

  • Syntax
    DATETIME LASTDAY(DATETIME date)
  • Description

    Returns the last day of the month in which the specified date value falls. The value is accurate to days. The hour, minute, and second parts are expressed as 00:00:00.

  • Parameter

    date: a value of the DATETIME type. If the input value is of the STRING type, it is implicitly converted into a value of the DATETIME type before calculation. If the input value is of another data type, an error is returned.

  • Return value

    A value of the DATETIME type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned.

TO_DATE

  • Syntax
    DATETIME TO_DATE(STRING date, STRING format)
  • Description

    Converts a string to a date value in a specified format.

  • Parameters
    • date: a date value of the STRING type, which indicates the date string you want to convert. If the input value is of the BIGINT, DOUBLE, DECIMAL, or DATETIME type, it is implicitly converted into a value of the STRING type before calculation. If the input value is of another data type or an empty string, an error is returned.
    • format: a constant of the STRING type, which indicates a date format. If the input value is of another data type, an error is returned. format does not support the extended date formats. Other characters are omitted as invalid characters during parsing.

      The value of format must contain yyyy. Otherwise, an error is returned. If redundant format strings exist in format, this function converts the date string that corresponds to the first format string into a date value. The rest strings are treated as delimiters. For example, TO_DATE("1234-2234", "yyyy-yyyy") returns 1234-01-01 00:00:00.

      In the format, yyyy indicates a 4-digit year, mm indicates a 2-digit month, dd indicates a 2-digit day, hh indicates an hour based on the base-24 numeral system, mi indicates a 2-digit minute, ss indicates a 2-digit second, and ff3 indicates a 3-digit millisecond.

  • Return value

    A value of the DATETIME type and in the format of yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned.

  • Examples
    SELECT TO_DATE('Alibaba 2010-12*03', 'Alibaba yyyy-mm*dd') = 2010-12-03 00:00:00
    SELECT TO_DATE('20080718', 'yyyymmdd') = 2008-07-18 00:00:00
    SELECT TO_DATE('200807182030','yyyymmddhhmi') = 2008-07-18 20:30:00
    SELECT TO_DATE('2008718', 'yyyymmdd') = null --'2008718' cannot be converted to a standard date value, and an error is returned. It must be written as '20080718'.
    SELECT TO_DATE('Alibaba 2010-12*3', 'Alibaba yyyy-mm*dd') = null --'Alibaba 2010-12*3' cannot be converted to a standard date value, and an error is returned. It must be written as 'Alibaba 2010-12*03'.
    SELECT TO_DATE('2010-24-01', 'yyyy') = null --'2010-24-01' cannot be converted to a standard date value, and an error is returned. It must be written as '2010-01-24'.
    SELECT TO_DATE('20181030 15-13-12.345','yyyymmdd hh-mi-ss.ff3')=2018-10-30 15:13:12

TO_CHAR

  • Syntax
    STRING TO_CHAR(DATETIME date, STRING format)
  • Description

    Converts a date value of the DATETIME type into a string in a specified format.

  • Parameters
    • date: a date value of the DATETIME type, which indicates the date value you want to convert. If the input value is of the STRING type, it is implicitly converted into a value of the DATETIME type before calculation. If the input value is of another data type, an error is returned.
    • format: a constant of the STRING type. If the value is not a constant or not of the STRING type, an error is returned. In the format parameter, the date format part is replaced by the related data and other characters remain unchanged in the output.
  • Return value

    A value of the STRING type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned.

  • Examples
    SELECT TO_CHAR(DATETIME'2010-12-03 00:00:00', 'Alibaba Cloud Financial Services yyyy-mm*dd') = 'Alibaba Cloud Financial Services 2010-12*03'
    SELECT TO_CHAR(DATETIME'2008-07-18 00:00:00', 'yyyymmdd') = '20080718' 
    SELECT TO_CHAR(DATETIME'Alibaba 2010-12*3', 'Alibaba yyyy-mm*dd') --'Alibaba 2010-12*3' cannot be converted to a standard date value, and an error is returned. It must be written as 'Alibaba 2010-12*03'.
    SELECT TO_CHAR(DATETIME'2010-24-01', 'yyyy') --'2010-24-01' is not a standard date value and an error is returned. It must be written as '2010-01-24'.
    SELECT TO_CHAR(DATETIME'2008718', 'yyyymmdd') --'2008718' is not a standard date value and an error is returned. It must be written as '20080718'.

UNIX_TIMESTAMP

  • Syntax
    BIGINT UNIX_TIMESTAMP(DATETIME date)
  • Description

    Converts a date value to a UNIX timestamp that is an integer.

  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the DATETIME type. If the input value is of the STRING type, it is implicitly converted into a value of the DATETIME type before calculation. If the input value is of another data type, an error is returned. If new data types are enabled, the implicit conversion fails. In this case, you must use the CAST function for conversion. For example, you can use UNIX_TIMESTAMP(CAST(... AS DATETIME)).

  • Return value

    A UNIX timestamp of the BIGINT type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned.

  • Example
    SELECT UNIX_TIMESTAMP(DATETIME'2009-03-20 11:11:00'); -- The return value is 1237518660.

FROM_UNIXTIME

  • Syntax
    DATETIME FROM_UNIXTIME(BIGINT unixtime)
  • Description

    Converts unixtime of the BIGINT type to a date value of the DATETIME type.

  • Parameter

    unixtime: a date value of the BIGINT type in the UNIX format. Its value is accurate to seconds. If the input value is of the STRING, DOUBLE, or DECIMAL type, it is implicitly converted into a value of the BIGINT type before calculation.

  • Return value
    A value of the DATETIME type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned.
    Note In HIVE-compatible mode where SET odps.sql.hive.compatible=true; is executed, if the input value is of the STRING type, a date value of the STRING type is returned.
  • Example
    SELECT FROM_UNIXTIME(123456789) = 1973-11-30 05:33:09

WEEKDAY

  • Syntax
    BIGINT WEEKDAY (DATETIME date)
  • Description

    Returns a number that represents the day of the week in which the provided date falls.

  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the DATETIME type.

  • Return value

    A value of the BIGINT type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned. Monday is treated as the first day of a week and its return value is 0. Days are numbered in ascending order starting from 0. The return value of Sunday is 6.

WEEKOFYEAR

  • Syntax
    BIGINT WEEKOFYEAR (DATETIME date)
  • Description
    Returns a number that represents the week of the year in which the provided date falls. Monday is treated as the first day of a week.
    Note To determine whether a week belongs to a year or its next year, find the year in which more than four days of the week fall. If the week belongs to the year, it is treated as the last week of the year. If the week belongs to the next year, it is treated as the first week of the next year.
  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the DATETIME type.

  • Return value

    A value of the BIGINT type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned.

  • Examples
    SELECT WEEKOFYEAR(TO_DATE("20141229", "yyyymmdd"));  
    -- Return result:
    +------------+
    | _c0        |
    +------------+
    | 1          |
    +------------+
    -- 20141229 is in year 2014, but most days of the week fall in year 2015. Therefore, the return value 1 indicates the first week of year 2015.    
    SELECT WEEKOFYEAR(TO_DATE("20141231", "yyyymmdd"));-- The return value is 1.  
    SELECT WEEKOFYEAR(TO_DATE("20151229", "yyyymmdd"));-- The return value is 53.

Additional functions provided by MaxCompute V2.0.

MaxCompute V2.0 provides additional date functions. If the functions you are using involve new data types, such as TINYINT, SMALLINT, INT, FLOAT, VARCHAR, TIMESTAMP, or BINARY, run the following SET statement to enable these data types:
  • Session level: To use a new data type, you must insert SET odps.sql.type.system.odps2=true; before the SQL statement, and commit and execute them together.
  • Project level: The project owner can set the project as needed. It takes 10 to 15 minutes for the settings to take effect. Run the following command:
    setproject odps.sql.type.system.odps2=true;
    For more information about setproject, see Project operations. For the precautions you must take when you enable data types at the project level, see Date types.

YEAR

  • Syntax
    INT YEAR(DATETIME/STRING date)
  • Description

    Returns the year in which the specified date value falls. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the DATETIME or STRING type. The format of the date value must include yyyy-mm-dd and exclude redundant strings. Otherwise, NULL is returned.

  • Return value

    A value of the INT type.

  • Examples
    SELECT YEAR('1970-01-01 12:30:00') = 1970
    SELECT YEAR('1970-01-01') = 1970
    SELECT YEAR('70-01-01') = 70
    SELECT YEAR('1970-01-01') = 1970
    SELECT YEAR('1970/03/09') = null
    SELECT YEAR(null) -- An error is returned.

QUARTER

  • Syntax
    INT QUARTER (DATETIME/TIMESTAMP/STRING date)
  • Description

    Returns the quarter in which the specified date value falls. Valid values: 1 to 4. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the DATETIME, TIMESTAMP, or STRING type. The format of the date value must include yyyy-mm-dd. If the date value is of another data type, NULL is returned.

  • Return value

    A value of the INT type. If any input parameter is set to NULL, NULL is returned.

  • Examples
    SELECT QUARTER('1970-11-12 10:00:00') = 4
    SELECT QUARTER('1970-11-12') = 4

MONTH

  • Syntax
    INT MONTH(DATETIME/STRING date)
  • Description

    Returns the month in which the specified date value falls. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the DATETIME or STRING type. If the date value is of another data type, an error is returned.

  • Return value

    A value of the INT type.

  • Examples
    SELECT MONTH('2014-09-01') = 9
    SELECT MONTH('20140901') = null

DAY

  • Syntax
    INT DAY(DATETIME/STRING date)
  • Description

    Returns the day in which the specified date value falls. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the DATETIME or STRING type. The format of the date value can be yyyy-mm-dd or yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss. If the date value is of another data type, an error is returned.

  • Return value

    A value of the INT type.

  • Examples
    SELECT DAY('2014-09-01') = 1
    SELECT DAY('20140901') = null

DAYOFMONTH

  • Syntax
    INT DAYOFMONTH(date)
  • Description

    Returns the day part of a date value. For example, if the date value is October 13 in 2017, 13 is returned after you run the command INT DAYOFMONTH(2017-10-13). This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the STRING type. If it is of another data type, an error is returned.

  • Return value

    A value of the INT type.

  • Examples
    SELECT DAYOFMONTH('2014-09-01') = 1
    SELECT DAYOFMONTH('20140901') = null

HOUR

  • Syntax
    INT HOUR(DATETIME/STRING date)
  • Description

    Returns the hour part of a date value.

  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the DATETIME or STRING type. If the date value is of another data type, an error is returned. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Return value

    A value of the INT type.

  • Examples
    SELECT HOUR('2014-09-01 12:00:00') = 12
    SELECT HOUR('12:00:00') = 12
    SELECT HOUR('20140901120000') = null

MINUTE

  • Syntax
    INT MINUTE(DATETIME/STRING date)
  • Description

    Returns the minute part of a date value. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the DATETIME or STRING type. If the date value is of another data type, an error is returned.

  • Return value

    A value of the INT type.

  • Examples
    SELECT MINUTE('2014-09-01 12:30:00') = 30
    SELECT MINUTE('12:30:00') = 30
    SELECT MINUTE('20140901120000') = null

SECOND

  • Syntax
    INT SECOND(DATETIME/STRING date)
  • Description

    Returns the second part of a date value.

  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the DATETIME or STRING type. If the date value is of another data type, an error is returned. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Return value

    A value of the INT type.

  • Examples
    SELECT SECOND('2014-09-01 12:30:45') = 45
    SELECT SECOND('12:30:45') = 45
    SELECT SECOND('20140901123045') = null

CURRENT_TIMESTAMP

  • Syntax
    TIMESTAMP CURRENT_TIMESTAMP()
  • Description

    Returns the current timestamp. The return value is not fixed. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Return value

    A value of the TIMESTAMP type.

  • Examples
    SELECT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP(); -- The return value is '2017-08-03 11:50:30.661'.

FROM_UTC_TIMESTAMP

  • Syntax
    TIMESTAMP FROM_UTC_TIMESTAMP({any primitive type}*, STRING timezone)
  • Description

    Converts a UTC timestamp to a timestamp for a specified time zone. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Parameters
    • {any primitive type}*: a value of the TIMESTAMP, DATETIME, TINYINT, SMALLINT, INT, or BIGINT type. If the value is of the TINYINT, SMALLINT, INT, or BIGINT type, the unit is milliseconds.
    • timezone: the destination time zone to convert the timestamp, such as PST.

      This function supports only the Asia/Shanghai time zone and does not support the GMT+9 time zone.

  • Return value

    A value of the TIMESTAMP type.

  • Examples
    SELECT FROM_UTC_TIMESTAMP(1501557840000, 'PST'); -- The unit of the input parameter is milliseconds (ms), and the return value is 2017-08-01 04:24:00.
    SELECT FROM_UTC_TIMESTAMP('1970-01-30 16:00:00','PST'); -- The return value is 1970-01-30 08:00:00.0.
    SELECT FROM_UTC_TIMESTAMP('1970-01-30','PST'); -- The return value is 1970-01-29 16:00:00.0.

ADD_MONTHS

  • Syntax
    STRING ADD_MONTHS(STRING startdate, INT nummonths)
  • Description

    Returns a date value that is obtained after num_months are added to startdate. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Parameters
    • startdate: a value of the STRING type. Its format must include yyyy-mm-dd. Otherwise, NULL is returned.
    • num_months: a value of the INT type.
  • Return value

    A value of the STRING type and in the format of yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Examples
    SELECT ADD_MONTHS('2017-02-14',3) = '2017-05-14'
    SELECT ADD_MONTHS('17-2-14',3) = '0017-05-14'
    SELECT ADD_MONTHS('2017-02-14 21:30:00',3) = '2017-05-14'
    SELECT ADD_MONTHS('20170214',3) = null

LAST_DAY

  • Syntax
    STRING LAST_DAY(STRING date)
  • Description

    Returns the last day of the month in which the specified date value falls.

  • Parameter

    date: a date value of the STRING type and in the format of yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss or yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Return value

    A value of the STRING type and in the format of yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Examples
    SELECT LAST_DAY('2017-03-04') = '2017-03-31'
    SELECT LAST_DAY('2017-07-04 11:40:00') = '2017-07-31'
    SELECT LAST_DAY('20170304') = null

NEXT_DAY

  • Syntax
    STRING NEXT_DAY(STRING startdate, STRING week)
  • Description

    Returns the date of the first day that is later than startdate and matches the week value. That is, the date of the specified day in the next week.

  • Parameters
    • startdate: a date value of the STRING type and in the format of yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss or yyyy-mm-dd.
    • week: a value of the STRING type, which is the first two or three letters in the week name or the full week name, for example, MO, TUE, or FRIDAY.
  • Return value

    A value of the STRING type and in the format of yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Examples
    SELECT NEXT_DAY('2017-08-01','TU') = '2017-08-08'
    SELECT NEXT_DAY('2017-08-01 23:34:00','TU') = '2017-08-08'
    SELECT NEXT_DAY('20170801','TU') = null

MONTHS_BETWEEN

  • Syntax
    DOUBLE MONTHS_BETWEEN(DATETIME/TIMESTAMP/STRING date1, DATETIME/TIMESTAMP/STRING date2)
  • Description

    Returns the number of months between date1 and date2. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Parameters
    • date1: a date value of the DATETIME, TIMESTAMP, or STRING type and in the format of yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss or yyyy-mm-dd.
    • date2: a date value of the DATETIME, TIMESTAMP, or STRING type and in the format of yyyy-mm-dd hh:mi:ss or yyyy-mm-dd.
  • Return value
    A value of the DOUBLE type.
    • A positive value is returned if date1 is later than date2. A negative value is returned if date2 is later than date1.
    • If both date1 and date2 correspond to the last days of two months, the return value is an integer that represents the number of months. Otherwise, the return value is computed by using the following formula: (date1 - date2)/31
  • Examples
    SELECT MONTHS_BETWEEN('1997-02-28 10:30:00', '1996-10-30') = 3.9495967741935485
    SELECT MONTHS_BETWEEN('1996-10-30','1997-02-28 10:30:00' ) = -3.9495967741935485
    SELECT MONTHS_BETWEEN('1996-09-30','1996-12-31') = -3.0

EXTRACT

  • Syntax
    INT EXTRACT(<datepart> FROM <timestamp>)
  • Description

    Extracts the date part specified by datepart from the date timestamp. This function is an additional function of MaxCompute V2.0.

  • Parameters
    • datepart: a value that can be set to YEAR, MONTH, DAY, HOUR, or MINUTE.
    • timestamp: a date value of the TIMESTAMP type.
  • Return value

    A value of the INT type.

  • Example
    SET odps.sql.type.system.odps2=true;
    SELECT  EXTRACT(year FROM '2019-05-01 11:21:00') year
             ,EXTRACT(month FROM '2019-05-01 11:21:00') month
             ,EXTRACT(day FROM '2019-05-01 11:21:00') day
             ,EXTRACT(hour FROM '2019-05-01 11:21:00') hour
             ,EXTRACT(minute FROM '2019-05-01 11:21:00') minute;
    
    -- Return result:
    +------+-------+------+------+--------+
    | year | month | day  | hour | minute |
    +------+-------+------+------+--------+
    | 2019 | 5     | 1    | 11   | 21     |
    +------+-------+------+------+--------+