You can use DTS to track data changes in real time. This feature applies to the following scenarios: lightweight cache updates, business decoupling, asynchronous data processing, and real-time synchronization of extract, transform, and load (ETL) operations. This topic describes how to track data changes from an ApsaraDB RDS for MySQL instance.

Note This feature is no longer available after March 31, 2020. For more information, see [Notice] ApsaraDB RDS for MySQL users will no longer be able to use the previous change tracking feature after March 31, 2020.

Prerequisites

The database version of the ApsaraDB RDS for MySQL instance is 5.1, 5.5, 5.6, or 5.7.
Note If the source database is ApsaraDB RDS for MySQL 8.0 or a user-created MySQL database, you must use the new change tracking feature. For more information, see Track data changes from ApsaraDB RDS for MySQL (new).

Precautions

  • A change tracking channel stores the data that was generated in the last 24 hours and deletes expired data.
  • We recommend that you do not use gh-ost or pt-online-schema-change to perform DDL operations on objects when you track data changes. Otherwise, data changes may fail to be tracked.

Procedure

  1. Create a change tracking instance. For more information, see Purchase a change tracking instance.
  2. Log on to the DTS console.
  3. In the left-side navigation pane, click Change Tracking.
  4. At the top of the Change Tracking Tasks page, select the region where the change tracking instance resides.Select a region
  5. Find the change tracking instance and click Configure Channel in the Actions column.
  6. Configure the source database for the change tracking task.Configure the source database
    Section Parameter Description
    N/A Task Name DTS automatically generates a task name. We recommend that you specify an informative name for easy identification. You do not need to use a unique task name.
    Source Database Version Select Old.
    Instance Type Select RDS Instance.
    Database Type The value of this parameter is set to MySQL and cannot be changed.
    Instance Region The region of the source instance. The region is the same as the region that you selected when you purchased the change tracking instance. You cannot change the value of this parameter.
    RDS Instance ID Select the ID of the RDS instance from which you want to track data changes.
    Note A read-only instance or temporary instance cannot be used as the source instance for change tracking.
    Database Account Enter the database account of the source RDS instance.
    Note
    • The account must have the REPLICATION CLIENT permission, the REPLICATION SLAVE permission, the SHOW VIEW permission, and the permission to perform SELECT operations on the required objects.
    • If the database engine of the source RDS instance is MySQL 5.5 or MySQL 5.6, you do not need to configure the database account or database password.
    Database Password Enter the password for the database account of the source RDS instance.
  7. In the lower-right corner of the page, click Set Whitelist and Next.
    Note DTS adds the CIDR blocks of DTS servers to the whitelist of the source RDS instance. This ensures that DTS servers can connect to the source RDS instance.
  8. In the Create Change Tracking Account message, click Next after the account is created.
    Note This step is required only when the database engine of the source RDS instance is MySQL 5.5 or MySQL 5.6. In this step, DTS creates a database account for change tracking in the source RDS instance.
  9. Select the data change types and objects.Select the data change types and objects
    Parameter Description
    Required Data Types
    • Data Updates

      DTS tracks data updates of the selected objects, including the INSERT, DELETE, and UPDATE operations.

    • Schema Updates

      DTS tracks the create, delete, and modify operations that are performed on all object schemas of the source instance. You must use the change tracking client to filter the required data.

    Note
    • If you select a database as the object, DTS tracks data changes of all objects, including new objects in the database.
    • If you select a table as the object, DTS tracks only data changes of this table. In this case, if you want to track data changes of another table, you must add the table to the required objects. For more information, see Modify objects for change tracking.
    Required Objects

    Select objects from the Required Objects section and click the Right arrow icon to add the objects to the Selected section.

    Note You can select tables or databases as the objects for change tracking.
  10. In the lower-right corner of the page, click Save and Precheck.
    Note
    • Before you can start the change tracking task, a precheck is performed. You can start the change tracking task only after the task passes the precheck.
    • If the PreCheck fails, click Info iconicon to view the failure details. Fix the issues based on the instructions and run the precheck again.
  11. Close the Precheck dialog box after the following message is displayed: The precheck is passed.

What to do next

After the change tracking task is configured, DTS performs initial change tracking, which takes about 1 minute. After the initial change tracking is complete, you can consume the tracked data. For more information, see Use the SDK demo code to consume tracked data.