This topic describes the precautions and limits when you migrate data from a PolarDB O Edition cluster. To ensure that your data migration task runs as expected, read the precautions and limits before you configure the task.

Scenarios of migrating data from a PolarDB O Edition cluster

You can view the precautions and limits based on the following migration scenarios:

Migrate data between PolarDB O Edition clusters

The following table describes the precautions and limits.
Category Description
Limits on the source database
  • Bandwidth requirements: The server to which the source database belongs must have sufficient egress bandwidth. Otherwise, the data migration speed is affected.
  • The tables to be migrated must have PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraints and all fields must be unique. Otherwise, the destination database may contain duplicate data records.
  • If you select tables as the objects to be migrated and you need to edit tables (such as rename tables or columns), up to 1,000 tables can be migrated in a single data migration task. If you run a task to migrate more than 1,000 tables, a request error occurs. In this case, we recommend that you split the tables to be migrated, configure multiple tasks to migrate the tables, or call DTS API operations to configure tasks.
  • If you want to migrate incremental data, you must make sure that the following requirements are met:
    • The write-ahead logging (WAL) feature must be enabled.
    • WAL logs are retained for at least 7 days during full data migration. You can wait until full data migration is complete, and then clear the WAL logs generated in the source database after the DTS task is run.
      Note To ensure data security, DTS stores only 50 GB of WAL logs or the WAL logs for the last 24 hours. If the limit is exceeded, DTS automatically clears the cached logs.
      Warning If you clear the WAL logs of the source database during full data migration, the data migration task may fail. For example, full data migration takes more than 24 hours due to the large data volume in the source database and abnormal writing in the destination database. In this case, if the WAL logs of the source database are cleared during full data migration, DTS cannot obtain the WAL logs generated 24 hours ago. Therefore, the data migration task may fail.
  • Limits on operations:
    • During schema migration and full data migration, do not perform data definition language (DDL) operations to change the schemas of databases or tables. Otherwise, the data migration task fails.
    • If you perform only full data migration, do not write data to the source database during data migration. Otherwise, data will be inconsistent between the source and destination databases. To ensure data consistency, we recommend that you select Schema Migration, Full Data Migration, and Incremental Data Migration as the migration types.
Other limits
  • A single data migration task can migrate data from only one database. To migrate data from multiple databases, you must create a data migration task for each database.
  • During incremental data migration, if you select a schema as the object to be migrated, take note of the following limits: If you create a table in the schema or run the RENAME command to rename the table, you must run the ALTER TABLE schema.table REPLICA IDENTITY FULL; command before you write data to the table.
    Note Replace the schema and table in the preceding sample command with the actual schema name and table name.
  • To ensure that the delay time of incremental data migration is accurate, DTS adds a heartbeat table named dts_postgres_heartbeat to the source database. The following figure shows the schema of the heartbeat table. Schema of a heartbeat table
  • Before you migrate data, evaluate the impact of data migration on the performance of the source and destination databases. We recommend that you migrate data during off-peak hours. During full data migration, DTS uses read and write resources of the source and destination databases. This may increase the loads of the database servers.
  • During full data migration, concurrent INSERT operations cause fragmentation in the tables of the destination database. After full data migration is complete, the tablespace of the destination database is larger than that of the source database.
  • You must make sure that the precision settings for columns of the FLOAT or DOUBLE data type meets your business requirements. DTS uses the ROUND(COLUMN,PRECISION) function to retrieve values from columns of the FLOAT or DOUBLE data type. If you do not specify a precision, DTS sets the precision for the FLOAT data type to 38 digits and the precision for the DOUBLE data type to 308 digits.
  • DTS attempts to resume data migration tasks that failed within the last seven days. Before you switch workloads to the destination instance, stop or release the data migration task. You can also run the revoke command to revoke the write permissions from the accounts that are used by DTS to access the destination instance. Otherwise, the data in the source database will overwrite the data in the destination instance after the task is resumed.

Migrate data from a PolarDB O Edition cluster to a self-managed Oracle database

The following table describes the precautions and limits.
Category Description
Limits on the source database
  • Bandwidth requirements: The server to which the source database belongs must have sufficient egress bandwidth. Otherwise, the data migration speed is affected.
  • The tables to be migrated must have PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraints and all fields must be unique. Otherwise, the destination database may contain duplicate data records.
  • If you select tables as the objects to be migrated and you need to edit tables (such as rename tables or columns), up to 1,000 tables can be migrated in a single data migration task. If you run a task to migrate more than 1,000 tables, a request error occurs. In this case, we recommend that you split the tables to be migrated, configure multiple tasks to migrate the tables, or call DTS API operations to configure tasks.
  • If you want to migrate incremental data, you must make sure that the following requirements are met:
    • The write-ahead logging (WAL) feature must be enabled.
    • WAL logs are retained for at least 7 days during full data migration. You can wait until full data migration is complete, and then clear the WAL logs generated in the source database after the DTS task is run.
      Note To ensure data security, DTS stores only 50 GB of WAL logs or the WAL logs for the last 24 hours. If the limit is exceeded, DTS automatically clears the cached logs.
      Warning If you clear the WAL logs of the source database during full data migration, the data migration task may fail. For example, full data migration takes more than 24 hours due to the large data volume in the source database and abnormal writing in the destination database. In this case, if the WAL logs of the source database are cleared during full data migration, DTS cannot obtain the WAL logs generated 24 hours ago. Therefore, the data migration task may fail.
  • Limits on operations:
    • During full data migration, do not perform DDL operations to change the schemas of databases or tables. Otherwise, the data migration task fails.
    • If you perform only full data migration, do not write data to the source database during data migration. Otherwise, data will be inconsistent between the source and destination databases. To ensure data consistency, we recommend that you select Full Data Migration and Incremental Data Migration as the migration types.
Other limits
  • Schema migration is not supported in this scenario. Before you configure a data migration task, you must create databases and tables in the destination instance.
  • A single data migration task can migrate data from only one database. To migrate data from multiple databases, you must create a data migration task for each database.
  • During incremental data migration, if you select a schema as the object to be migrated, take note of the following limits: If you create a table in the schema or run the RENAME command to rename the table, you must run the ALTER TABLE schema.table REPLICA IDENTITY FULL; command before you write data to the table.
    Note Replace the schema and table in the preceding sample command with the actual schema name and table name.
  • To ensure that the delay time of incremental data migration is accurate, DTS adds a heartbeat table named dts_postgres_heartbeat to the source database. The following figure shows the schema of the heartbeat table. Schema of a heartbeat table
  • Before you migrate data, evaluate the impact of data migration on the performance of the source and destination databases. We recommend that you migrate data during off-peak hours. During full data migration, DTS uses read and write resources of the source and destination databases. This may increase the loads of the database servers.
  • During full data migration, concurrent INSERT operations cause fragmentation in the tables of the destination database. After full data migration is complete, the tablespace of the destination database is larger than that of the source database.
  • You must make sure that the precision settings for columns of the FLOAT or DOUBLE data type meets your business requirements. DTS uses the ROUND(COLUMN,PRECISION) function to retrieve values from columns of the FLOAT or DOUBLE data type. If you do not specify a precision, DTS sets the precision for the FLOAT data type to 38 digits and the precision for the DOUBLE data type to 308 digits.
  • DTS attempts to resume data migration tasks that failed within the last seven days. Before you switch workloads to the destination instance, stop or release the data migration task. You can also run the revoke command to revoke the write permissions from the accounts that are used by DTS to access the destination instance. Otherwise, the data in the source database will overwrite the data in the destination instance after the task is resumed.
Special cases If the self-managed Oracle database is deployed in a Real Application Cluster (RAC) architecture and is connected to DTS over an Alibaba Cloud virtual private cloud (VPC), you must connect the Single Client Access Name (SCAN) IP address of the Oracle RAC and the virtual IP address (VIP) of each node to the VPC and configure routes. The settings ensure that your DTS task can run as expected. For more information, see Connect an on-premises database to Alibaba Cloud and Configure a route between DTS and Express Connect, VPN Gateway, or Smart Access Gateway.
Notice When you configure the source Oracle database in the DTS console, you must enter the SCAN IP address of the Oracle RAC in the Database Endpoint or IP Address field.