You can use the FlexVolume plug-in provided by Alibaba Cloud to use Apsara File Storage NAS in Container Service for Kubernetes (ACK). This topic describes how to use a statically provisioned NAS volume.
- Upgrade the FlexVolume plug-in to the latest version.
- Connect to Kubernetes clusters by using kubectl.
- server: the mount target of the NAS volume.
- path: the mounted directory in the NAS file system. You can specify a sub-directory as a volume. If no sub-directory exists, the system automatically creates and mounts a sub-directory. To specify a directory in a NAS Extreme file system, the directory must start with /share.
- vers: the version of the NFS protocol. Versions 3 and 4.0 are supported. By default, version 3 is used. We recommend that you use version 3. NAS Extreme file systems support only NFS version 3.
- mode: the access permissions on the mounted directory. If the root directory of the NAS file system is specified as the mounted directory, you cannot modify the access permissions. If you set the mode parameter for a directory that stores a large amount of data, the process of mounting the directory to a cluster may require an excessive amount of time or even fail.
- options: the mount parameter. If you do not set this parameter, the default values are
nolock,tcp,noresvportin version 3 and
noresvportin version 4.0.
Use a NAS file system as a volume
You can set the volumes field to specify a NAS file system as a volume of pods. Use a nas-deploy.yaml file to create a pod.
- Create the nas-deploy.yaml file and copy the following content to the file.
apiVersion: apps/v1 kind: Deployment metadata: name: nas-static labels: app: nginx spec: replicas: 1 selector: matchLabels: app: nginx template: metadata: labels: app: nginx spec: containers: - name: nginx image: nginx ports: - containerPort: 80 volumeMounts: - name: nas1 mountPath: "/data" volumes: - name: "nas1" flexVolume: driver: "alicloud/nas" options: server: "0cd8b4a576-grs79.cn-hangzhou.nas.aliyuncs.com" path: "/k8s" vers: "3" options: "nolock,tcp,noresvport"
- Run the following command to create a pod:
kubectl apply -f nas-deploy.yaml
Use a statically provisioned NAS file system by creating a PV and PVC
You can create a pair of persistent volume (PV) and persistent volume claim (PVC) to use a NAS volume.
- Create a PV.
You can create the PV in the ACK console or by using a YAML file.
- Create a PV by using a YAML file.
Use the following nas-pv.yaml file to create a PV.
apiVersion: v1 kind: PersistentVolume metadata: name: pv-nas spec: capacity: storage: 5Gi storageClassName: nas accessModes: - ReadWriteMany flexVolume: driver: "alicloud/nas" options: server: "0cd8b4a576-uih75.cn-hangzhou.nas.aliyuncs.com" path: "/k8s" vers: "3" options: "nolock,tcp,noresvport"
- Create the PV in the ACK console.
- Log on to the ACK console.
- In the left-side navigation pane, click Clusters.
- On the Clusters page, find the cluster that you want to manage and click Details in the Actions column of the cluster.
- The Cluster Information page appears. In the left-side navigation pane, click Persistent Volumes. The Persistent Volume Claims tab appears.
- Click the Persistent Volumes tab and click Create.
- In the Create PV dialog box, set the parameters.
Parameter Description PV Type In this example, NAS is selected. Name The name of the PV. The name must be unique in the cluster. In this example, pv-nas is used. Volume Plug-in In this example, FlexVolume is selected. For more information about volume plug-ins, see Differences between the CSI and FlexVolume plug-ins. Capacity The capacity of the PV. The capacity of the PV cannot exceed that of the NAS file system. Access Mode By default, ReadWriteMany is selected. Mount Target Domain Name The domain name of the mount target that is used to mount the NAS file system to the cluster. Subdirectory Enter a sub-directory in the NAS file system. The sub-directory must start with a forward slash (/). If this parameter is set, the PV will be mounted to the sub-directory.
- If the specified sub-directory does not exist, the system automatically creates this sub-directory.
- If you do not set this parameter, the root directory of the NAS file system is mounted.
- To specify a sub-directory in a NAS Extreme file system, the sub-directory must start with /share.
Permissions The access permissions on the mounted directory. For example, you can set this parameter to 755, 644, or 777.Note
If the mounted directory is a sub-directory of the NAS file system, the Permissions parameter is optional.
- You can set access permissions on only sub-directories.
- We recommend that you do not set this parameter when the mounted directory contains a large number of files. Otherwise, it may take a long time to run the chmod command.
- By default, the original permissions are used.
- Take note of the following requirements when you set the permissions:
- For FlexVolume versions earlier than v18.104.22.168-8d3b7e7-aliyun, use the recursive mode when you change permission settings. The permissions on all files and directories under the mounted directory will be changed.
- For FlexVolume v22.214.171.124-8d3b7e7-aliyun and later, set the chmod (Change Mode) parameter to define how permission changes are applied.
chmod (Change Mode) The change mode of access permissions. Valid values: Non-recursive and Recursive.
- Non-recursive: The permission changes apply to only the mount directory. The subdirectories and files in the mount directory are not affected.
- Recursive mode: The permission changes apply to the mounted directory, the subdirectories, and the included files.
Note If you select the recursive mode for a mounted directory that contains a large number of files, the process of running the chmod command may require an excessive amount of time. The mount or unmount operation may fail. Exercise caution when you perform this operation.
Version The version of the NFS protocol. We recommend that you use version 3. NAS Extreme file systems support only NFS version 3. Labels Add labels to the PV.
- Click Create.
- Create a PV by using a YAML file.
- Create a PVC.
Use the following nas-pvc.yaml file to create a PVC.
apiVersion: v1 kind: PersistentVolumeClaim metadata: name: pvc-nas spec: accessModes: - ReadWriteMany storageClassName: nas resources: requests: storage: 5Gi
- Create a pod.
Use the following nas-pod.yaml file to create a pod.
apiVersion: apps/v1 kind: Deployment metadata: name: nas-static labels: app: nginx spec: replicas: 1 selector: matchLabels: app: nginx template: metadata: labels: app: nginx spec: containers: - name: nginx image: nginx ports: - containerPort: 80 volumeMounts: - name: pvc-nas mountPath: /data volumes: - name: pvc-nas persistentVolumeClaim: claimName: pvc-nas