Alibaba Cloud Content Delivery Network (CDN) supports picture watermarks and text watermarks. You can add picture watermarks and text watermarks to images. This topic describes how to add watermarks to images and provides examples.

Note Image editing is a paid service. It is currently free of charge until further notice.

Add picture watermarks

Parameters

Set the action to watermark.

The following table describes the parameters.
Note
  • You cannot resize picture watermarks. The size of a base picture that is used as the watermark cannot exceed 1 MB.
  • You can add at most five watermarks to an image. Picture watermarks and text watermarks are supported.
Feature Description Parameter Valid value
Watermark URL You can specify watermark URLs that are accessible from the Internet. If authentication or permissions are configured for the specified URL, Alibaba Cloud CDN may fail to access the URL.

Watermark URLs must be encoded in Base64. For more information, see Encode watermarks.

image The Base64-encoded string of the specified URL.
Examples
  • Add picture watermarks
    image_process=watermark,image_Base64-encoded image URL,x_20,y_20,g_se,t_70
  • Add picture watermarks and text watermarks
    image_process=watermark,text_Base64-encoded text content,x_10,y_10,g_nw,size_24,color_FF0000,t_70/watermark,image_Base64-encoded image URL,x_20,y_20,g_se,t_70

Add text watermarks

Parameters

Set the action to watermark.

The following table describes the parameters.
Note You can add at most five watermarks to an image. Picture watermarks and text watermarks are supported.
Feature Description Parameter Valid value
Text content Specifies the content of a text watermark. The text content must be encoded in Base64. For more information, see Encode watermarks. text The Base64-encoded string of the specified text content. The string can be up to 60 characters in length.
Text font Specifies the font of a text watermark. The font name must be encoded in Base64. For more information, see Encode watermarks. type Up to 10 fonts are supported. For more information, see Text fonts.
Note If you use a font that is not included in the 10 fonts, the system identifies it as the default font alihyaihei.
Text color Specifies the color of a text watermark. Valid values are RGB color values. color RGB color values. For example, 000000 represents black and FFFFFF represents white.

Default value: 000000, which indicates that the color of the text is black.

Text rotation Specifies the angle to which the text is rotated clockwise. rotate Supported angles are 90°, 180°, and 270°.
Text tiling Specifies whether to tile an image with text watermarks. fill Valid values: 0 and 1. Default value: 0.
  • 0: does not tile the image with text watermarks.
  • 1: tiles the image with text watermarks.
Examples
  • Add text watermarks
    image_process=watermark,text_Base64-encoded text content,type_YWxpaHlhaWhlaQ,x_10,y_10,g_se,size_24,color_FF0000,t_70,rotate_45,fill_0
  • Add picture watermarks and text watermarks
    image_process=watermark,text_Base64-encoded text content,x_10,y_10,g_nw,size_24,color_FF0000,t_70/watermark,image_Base64-encoded image URL,x_20,y_20,g_se,t_70
The following table describes the text fonts supported by Alibaba Cloud CDN.
Table 1. Text fonts
Text font Description Encoded value
alihyaihei A bold font. This is the default font. YWxpaHlhaWhlaQ
hysong A Songti font. aHlzb25n
hyhei A Heiti font. aHloZWk
hyshuangxian A double line font. aHlzaHVhbmd4aWFu
fzltzhk A Heiti font. ZnpsdHpoaw
fzshengsks A regular script font. ZnpzaGVuZ3Nrcw
fzqusongjian A Songti font. ZnpxdXNvbmdqaWFu
zzgfxingyan An artistic font. enpnZnhpbmd5YW4
comfortaa Comfortaa Y29tZm9ydGFh
notosans NotoSans bm90b3NhbnM

Watermark positions

Picture watermarks and text watermarks can be positioned by a 3 by 3 grid and Cartesian coordinates (x,y). You can use the 3 by 3 grid and Cartesian coordinates to adjust the position of each watermark. This way, you can manage the layout of watermarks. The following figure shows the positions of watermarks based on a 3 by 3 grid and Cartesian coordinates. Watermark positions
Parameter Description Valid value
t Specifies the opacity of the text or image watermark. [0,100]

Default value: 100, which indicates that the watermark is opaque.

g Specifies the position of the watermark on the image.
  • nw: upper-left
  • north: upper-center
  • ne: upper-right
  • west: center-left
  • center: center
  • east: center-right
  • sw: lower-left
  • south: lower-center
  • se: lower-right
For more information about the positions, see the preceding figure.
x Specifies the horizontal margin, which is the horizontal distance between the watermark and the left edge of the image. This parameter takes effect only when the watermark is on the upper-left, center-left, lower-left, upper-right, center-right, or lower-right side of the image. [0,4096]

Default value: 10. Unit: pixels.

y Specifies the vertical margin, which is the vertical distance between the watermark and the lower edge of the image. This parameter takes effect only when the watermark is on the upper-left, center-left, lower-left, upper-right, center-right, or lower-right side of the image. [0,4096]

Default value: 10. Unit: pixels.

Encode watermarks

When you add watermarks to an image, the content, color, and font of text watermarks and the name of picture watermarks must be URL-encoded in Base64. The encoding method is:

  1. Encode the content in Base64.

    We recommend that you use URL-safe Baes64 encoding tools to encode the text content, font of text watermarks, and the URLs of picture watermarks. The encoded strings of watermarks can be used only in parameters used to add watermarks. Do not include the encoded strings of watermarks in signature strings.

  2. Replace the encoded content based on the following rules:
    • Replace plus signs (+) with hyphens (-).
    • Replace forward slashes (/) with underscores (_).
    • Omit equal signs (=) that are at the end of a string.