This topic describes how to install Prometheus in a Kubernetes cluster, collect metric data to a Metricstore, and visualize the metric data in Grafana.

Prerequisites

  • A Kubernetes cluster is created. The version of the Kubernetes cluster is 1.10 or later.
  • A Metricstore is created. For more information, see Create a Metricstore.
  • Grafana is installed. For more information, see Install Grafana.

Background information

Prometheus is a cloud native monitoring application. Most Kubernetes components emit metrics in the Prometheus format. Therefore, Prometheus is a widely used Kubernetes monitoring tool.

Grafana is an open source metric analysis and visualization suite that is compatible with all Prometheus dashboard templates. After you configure Log Service as a Prometheus data source, you can access time series data in Log Service from Grafana and visualize the data in Grafana.

Install Prometheus in a user-created Kubernetes cluster

If you use a user-created Kubernetes cluster, we recommend that you register the cluster in Alibaba Cloud Container Service for Kubernetes (ACK) before you install Prometheus. If you do not register a user-created cluster, install Prometheus by using the Helm package. Before you install Prometheus, you must create a secret and modify the settings in the Helm package.

Install Prometheus in a cluster that is managed by ACK

If you use a cluster that is managed by ACK, perform the following steps to install and configure Prometheus in the ACK console:

  1. Log on to the ACK console.
  2. Create a namespace.
    1. In the left-side navigation pane of the cluster details page, click Namespaces.
    2. In the upper-right corner, click Create.
    3. Enter monitoring in the Name field and click OK.
  3. Create a secret.
    1. In the left-side navigation pane, choose Configurations > Secrets.
    2. In the upper-right corner, click Create.
    3. In the Create Namespace dialog box, set the required parameters and click OK. The following table describes the parameters.
      Create a secret
      Parameter Description
      Name Set the value to sls-ak.
      Namespace Select the monitoring namespace that you created in Step 2.
      Type Select Opaque and add the following two key-value pairs:
      • Set Name to username and set Value to the AccessKey ID of a RAM user.
      • Set Name to password and set Value to the AccessKey secret of the RAM user.

      We recommend that you use the AccessKey pair of a RAM user that has only the write permission on the Log Service project. For information about how to grant only the write permission on a specified Log Service project to a RAM user, see Use custom policies to grant permissions to a RAM user.

  4. Create a Prometheus operator.
    1. In the left-side navigation pane of the ACK console, choose Marketplace > App Catalog.
    2. Click the ack-prometheus-operator card.
    3. On the Parameters tab, modify the parameter settings.
      • Set the value of the retention parameter in the prometheusSpec parameter to 1d or 12h.
      • Set the value of the enabled parameter in the tsdb parameter to true and set the remoteWrite parameter.
        In the remoteWrite parameter, set the value of the url parameter to the actual URL of a Metricstore. The format is https://{project}.{sls-enpoint}/prometheus/{project}/{metricstore}/api/v1/write. Replace the value of the {sls-enpoint} variable with the Log Service endpoint in the region where the project resides. For a list of Log Service endpoints in different regions, see Endpoints. Replace the value of the {project} variable with the Log Service project name, and replace the value of the {metricstore} variable with the Metricstore name.
        Note If you use the Alibaba Cloud internal network, we recommend that you use the domain name of the internal network.
      • If you need to collect a large amount of metric data from Prometheus, set the queue_config field to the following value:
        batch_send_deadline: 20s
        capacity: 20480
        max_backoff: 5s
        max_samples_per_send: 2048
        min_backoff: 100ms
        min_shards: 100
      Notice To reduce the amount of collected data, we recommend that you set the writeRelabelConfigs parameter in the remoteWrite parameter. This way, you can remove unimportant metrics. By default, the Kubernetes metrics that are not commonly used are removed.
            remoteWrite:
            - basicAuth:
                username:
                  name: sls-ak
                  key: username
                password:
                  name: sls-ak
                  key: password
              queueConfig:
                batch_send_deadline: 20s
                capacity: 20480
                max_backoff: 5s
                max_samples_per_send: 2048
                min_backoff: 100ms
                min_shards: 100
              writeRelabelConfigs:
              - action: drop
                regex: APIServiceOpenAPIAggregationControllerQueue1_adds|APIServiceOpenAPIAggregationControllerQueue1_depth|APIServiceOpenAPIAggregationControllerQueue1_queue_latency|APIServiceOpenAPIAggregationControllerQueue1_queue_latency_count|APIServiceOpenAPIAggregationControllerQueue1_queue_latency_sum|APIServiceOpenAPIAggregationControllerQueue1_retries|APIServiceOpenAPIAggregationControllerQueue1_work_duration|APIServiceOpenAPIAggregationControllerQueue1_work_duration_count|APIServiceOpenAPIAggregationControllerQueue1_work_duration_sum|APIServiceRegistrationController_adds|APIServiceRegistrationController_depth|APIServiceRegistrationController_queue_latency|APIServiceRegistrationController_queue_latency_count|APIServiceRegistrationController_queue_latency_sum|APIServiceRegistrationController_retries|APIServiceRegistrationController_work_duration|APIServiceRegistrationController_work_duration_count|APIServiceRegistrationController_work_duration_sum|AvailableConditionController_adds|AvailableConditionController_depth|AvailableConditionController_queue_latency|AvailableConditionController_queue_latency_count|AvailableConditionController_queue_latency_sum|AvailableConditionController_retries|AvailableConditionController_work_duration|AvailableConditionController_work_duration_count|AvailableConditionController_work_duration_sum|DiscoveryController_adds|DiscoveryController_depth|DiscoveryController_queue_latency|DiscoveryController_queue_latency_count|DiscoveryController_queue_latency_sum|DiscoveryController_retries|DiscoveryController_work_duration|DiscoveryController_work_duration_count|DiscoveryController_work_duration_sum|admission_quota_controller_adds|admission_quota_controller_depth|admission_quota_controller_queue_latency|admission_quota_controller_queue_latency_count|admission_quota_controller_queue_latency_sum|admission_quota_controller_work_duration|admission_quota_controller_work_duration_count|admission_quota_controller_work_duration_sum|alertmanager_alerts|alertmanager_alerts_invalid_total|alertmanager_alerts_received_total|alertmanager_build_info|alertmanager_cluster_failed_peers|alertmanager_cluster_health_score|alertmanager_cluster_members|alertmanager_cluster_messages_pruned_total|alertmanager_cluster_messages_queued|alertmanager_cluster_messages_received_size_total|alertmanager_cluster_messages_received_total|alertmanager_cluster_messages_sent_size_total|alertmanager_cluster_messages_sent_total|alertmanager_cluster_peers_joined_total|alertmanager_cluster_peers_left_total|alertmanager_cluster_peers_update_total|alertmanager_cluster_reconnections_failed_total|alertmanager_cluster_reconnections_total|alertmanager_cluster_refresh_join_failed_total|alertmanager_cluster_refresh_join_total|alertmanager_config_hash|alertmanager_config_last_reload_success_timestamp_seconds|alertmanager_config_last_reload_successful|alertmanager_http_request_duration_seconds_bucket|alertmanager_http_request_duration_seconds_count|alertmanager_http_request_duration_seconds_sum|alertmanager_http_response_size_bytes_bucket|alertmanager_http_response_size_bytes_count|alertmanager_http_response_size_bytes_sum|alertmanager_nflog_gc_duration_seconds|alertmanager_nflog_gc_duration_seconds_count|alertmanager_nflog_gc_duration_seconds_sum|alertmanager_nflog_gossip_messages_propagated_total|alertmanager_nflog_queries_total|alertmanager_nflog_query_duration_seconds_bucket|alertmanager_nflog_query_duration_seconds_count|alertmanager_nflog_query_duration_seconds_sum|alertmanager_nflog_query_errors_total|alertmanager_nflog_snapshot_duration_seconds|alertmanager_nflog_snapshot_duration_seconds_count|alertmanager_nflog_snapshot_duration_seconds_sum|alertmanager_nflog_snapshot_size_bytes|alertmanager_notification_latency_seconds_bucket|alertmanager_notification_latency_seconds_count|alertmanager_notification_latency_seconds_sum|alertmanager_notifications_failed_total|alertmanager_notifications_total|alertmanager_oversize_gossip_message_duration_seconds_bucket|alertmanager_oversize_gossip_message_duration_seconds_count|alertmanager_oversize_gossip_message_duration_seconds_sum|alertmanager_oversized_gossip_message_dropped_total|alertmanager_oversized_gossip_message_failure_total|alertmanager_oversized_gossip_message_sent_total|alertmanager_peer_position|alertmanager_silences|alertmanager_silences_gc_duration_seconds|alertmanager_silences_gc_duration_seconds_count|alertmanager_silences_gc_duration_seconds_sum|alertmanager_silences_gossip_messages_propagated_total|alertmanager_silences_queries_total|alertmanager_silences_query_duration_seconds_bucket|alertmanager_silences_query_duration_seconds_count|alertmanager_silences_query_duration_seconds_sum|alertmanager_silences_query_errors_total|alertmanager_silences_snapshot_duration_seconds|alertmanager_silences_snapshot_duration_seconds_count|alertmanager_silences_snapshot_duration_seconds_sum|alertmanager_silences_snapshot_size_bytes|apiserver_admission_controller_admission_latencies_seconds_bucket|apiserver_admission_controller_admission_latencies_seconds_count|apiserver_admission_controller_admission_latencies_seconds_sum|apiserver_admission_step_admission_latencies_seconds_bucket|apiserver_admission_step_admission_latencies_seconds_count|apiserver_admission_step_admission_latencies_seconds_sum|apiserver_admission_step_admission_latencies_seconds_summary|apiserver_admission_step_admission_latencies_seconds_summary_count|apiserver_admission_step_admission_latencies_seconds_summary_sum|apiserver_admission_webhook_admission_latencies_seconds_bucket|apiserver_admission_webhook_admission_latencies_seconds_count|apiserver_admission_webhook_admission_latencies_seconds_sum|apiserver_audit_event_total|apiserver_audit_level_total|apiserver_client_certificate_expiration_seconds_bucket|apiserver_client_certificate_expiration_seconds_count|apiserver_client_certificate_expiration_seconds_sum|apiserver_current_inflight_requests|apiserver_registered_watchers|apiserver_request_latencies_bucket|apiserver_request_latencies_count|apiserver_request_latencies_sum|apiserver_request_latencies_summary_count|apiserver_request_latencies_summary_sum|apiserver_response_sizes_bucket|apiserver_response_sizes_count|apiserver_response_sizes_sum|apiserver_storage_data_key_generation_failures_total|apiserver_storage_data_key_generation_latencies_microseconds_bucket|apiserver_storage_data_key_generation_latencies_microseconds_count|apiserver_storage_data_key_generation_latencies_microseconds_sum|apiserver_storage_envelope_transformation_cache_misses_total|authenticated_user_requests|autoregister_adds|autoregister_depth|autoregister_queue_latency|autoregister_queue_latency_count|autoregister_queue_latency_sum|autoregister_retries|autoregister_work_duration|autoregister_work_duration_count|autoregister_work_duration_sum|cadvisor_version_info|container_cpu_cfs_periods_total|container_cpu_load_average_10s|container_cpu_system_seconds_total|container_cpu_user_seconds_total|container_fs_inodes_free|container_fs_inodes_total|container_fs_io_current|container_fs_io_time_seconds_total|container_fs_io_time_weighted_seconds_total|container_fs_reads_merged_total|container_fs_reads_total|container_fs_sector_reads_total|container_fs_sector_writes_total|container_fs_writes_merged_total|container_fs_writes_total|container_last_seen|container_memory_cache|container_memory_failcnt|container_memory_failures_total|container_memory_mapped_file|container_memory_max_usage_bytes|container_memory_swap|container_network_receive_errors_total|container_network_receive_packets_dropped_total|container_network_receive_packets_total|container_network_transmit_errors_total|container_network_transmit_packets_dropped_total|container_scrape_error|container_spec_cpu_period|container_spec_cpu_shares|container_spec_memory_reservation_limit_bytes|container_spec_memory_swap_limit_bytes|container_start_time_seconds|container_tasks_state|coredns_autopath_success_count_total|coredns_forward_request_count_total|coredns_forward_request_duration_seconds_bucket|coredns_forward_request_duration_seconds_count|coredns_forward_request_duration_seconds_sum|coredns_forward_response_rcode_count_total|coredns_forward_sockets_open|coredns_plugin_enabled|coredns_proxy_request_count_total|coredns_proxy_request_duration_seconds_bucket|coredns_proxy_request_duration_seconds_count|coredns_proxy_request_duration_seconds_sum|crdEstablishing_adds|crdEstablishing_depth|crdEstablishing_queue_latency_count|crdEstablishing_queue_latency_sum|crdEstablishing_retries|crdEstablishing_work_duration_count|crdEstablishing_work_duration_sum|etcd_helper_cache_entry_count|etcd_helper_cache_hit_count|etcd_helper_cache_miss_count|etcd_object_counts|etcd_request_cache_add_latencies_summary_count|etcd_request_cache_add_latencies_summary_sum|etcd_request_cache_get_latencies_summary_count|etcd_request_cache_get_latencies_summary_sum|get_token_count|get_token_fail_count|go_memstats_heap_released_bytes_total|grafana_alerting_active_alerts|grafana_alerting_execution_time_milliseconds_count|grafana_alerting_execution_time_milliseconds_sum|grafana_api_admin_user_created_total|grafana_api_dashboard_get_milliseconds_count|grafana_api_dashboard_get_milliseconds_sum|grafana_api_dashboard_save_milliseconds_count|grafana_api_dashboard_save_milliseconds_sum|grafana_api_dashboard_search_milliseconds_count|grafana_api_dashboard_search_milliseconds_sum|grafana_api_dashboard_snapshot_create_total|grafana_api_dashboard_snapshot_external_total|grafana_api_dashboard_snapshot_get_total|grafana_api_dataproxy_request_all_milliseconds_count|grafana_api_dataproxy_request_all_milliseconds_sum|grafana_api_login_oauth_total|grafana_api_login_post_total|grafana_api_models_dashboard_insert_total|grafana_api_org_create_total|grafana_api_response_status_total|grafana_api_user_signup_completed_total|grafana_api_user_signup_invite_total|grafana_api_user_signup_started_total|grafana_aws_cloudwatch_get_metric_data_total|grafana_aws_cloudwatch_get_metric_statistics_total|grafana_aws_cloudwatch_list_metrics_total|grafana_build_info|grafana_db_datasource_query_by_id_total|grafana_info|grafana_instance_start_total|grafana_page_response_status_total|grafana_proxy_response_status_total|grafana_stat_active_users|grafana_stat_total_orgs|grafana_stat_total_playlists|grafana_stat_total_users|grafana_stat_totals_dashboard|grpc_client_handled_total|grpc_client_msg_received_total|grpc_client_msg_sent_total|grpc_client_started_total|http_request_duration_microseconds|http_request_duration_microseconds_count|http_request_duration_microseconds_sum|http_request_duration_milliseconds_count|http_request_duration_milliseconds_sum|http_request_size_bytes|http_request_size_bytes_count|http_request_size_bytes_sum|http_request_total|http_requests_total|http_response_size_bytes|http_response_size_bytes_count|http_response_size_bytes_sum|kube_configmap_created|kube_configmap_info|kube_configmap_metadata_resource_version|kube_daemonset_labels|kube_daemonset_metadata_generation|kube_daemonset_status_current_number_scheduled|kube_daemonset_status_number_available|kube_daemonset_status_number_misscheduled|kube_daemonset_status_number_unavailable|kube_daemonset_updated_number_scheduled|kube_deployment_labels|kube_deployment_spec_paused|kube_deployment_spec_strategy_rollingupdate_max_surge|kube_endpoint_address_available|kube_endpoint_address_not_ready|kube_endpoint_created|kube_endpoint_info|kube_endpoint_labels|kube_ingress_created|kube_ingress_info|kube_ingress_labels|kube_ingress_metadata_resource_version|kube_job_complete|kube_job_created|kube_job_info|kube_job_labels|kube_job_owner|kube_job_spec_completions|kube_job_spec_parallelism|kube_job_status_active|kube_job_status_completion_time|kube_job_status_failed|kube_job_status_start_time|kube_job_status_succeeded|kube_namespace_annotations|kube_namespace_created|kube_namespace_labels|kube_namespace_status_phase|kube_node_created|kube_node_status_allocatable|kube_node_status_capacity|kube_node_status_capacity_pods|kube_pod_completion_time|kube_pod_container_resource_requests|kube_pod_container_status_last_terminated_reason|kube_pod_container_status_ready|kube_pod_container_status_terminated_reason|kube_pod_container_status_waiting_reason|kube_pod_created|kube_pod_start_time|kube_pod_status_ready|kube_pod_status_scheduled|kube_pod_status_scheduled_time|kube_replicaset_created|kube_replicaset_labels|kube_replicaset_metadata_generation|kube_replicaset_owner|kube_replicaset_spec_replicas|kube_replicaset_status_fully_labeled_replicas|kube_replicaset_status_observed_generation|kube_replicaset_status_ready_replicas|kube_replicaset_status_replicas|kube_secret_created|kube_secret_info|kube_secret_labels|kube_secret_metadata_resource_version|kube_secret_type|kube_service_created|kube_service_labels|kube_service_spec_type|kube_service_status_load_balancer_ingress|kube_statefulset_created|kube_statefulset_labels|kube_statefulset_metadata_generation|kube_statefulset_replicas|kube_statefulset_status_current_revision|kube_statefulset_status_observed_generation|kube_statefulset_status_replicas|kube_statefulset_status_replicas_current|kube_statefulset_status_replicas_ready|kube_statefulset_status_replicas_updated|kube_statefulset_status_update_revision|kubelet_certificate_manager_client_expiration_seconds|kubelet_cgroup_manager_latency_microseconds|kubelet_cgroup_manager_latency_microseconds_count|kubelet_cgroup_manager_latency_microseconds_sum|kubelet_containers_per_pod_count|kubelet_containers_per_pod_count_count|kubelet_containers_per_pod_count_sum|kubelet_docker_operations|kubelet_docker_operations_errors|kubelet_docker_operations_latency_microseconds|kubelet_docker_operations_latency_microseconds_count|kubelet_docker_operations_latency_microseconds_sum|kubelet_docker_operations_timeout|kubelet_eviction_stats_age_microseconds_count|kubelet_eviction_stats_age_microseconds_sum|kubelet_network_plugin_operations_latency_microseconds|kubelet_network_plugin_operations_latency_microseconds_count|kubelet_network_plugin_operations_latency_microseconds_sum|kubelet_node_config_error|kubelet_pleg_relist_interval_microseconds|kubelet_pleg_relist_interval_microseconds_count|kubelet_pleg_relist_interval_microseconds_sum|kubelet_pleg_relist_latency_microseconds|kubelet_pleg_relist_latency_microseconds_count|kubelet_pleg_relist_latency_microseconds_sum|kubelet_pod_start_latency_microseconds|kubelet_pod_start_latency_microseconds_count|kubelet_pod_start_latency_microseconds_sum|kubelet_pod_worker_latency_microseconds|kubelet_pod_worker_latency_microseconds_count|kubelet_pod_worker_latency_microseconds_sum|kubelet_pod_worker_start_latency_microseconds|kubelet_pod_worker_start_latency_microseconds_count|kubelet_pod_worker_start_latency_microseconds_sum|kubelet_running_container_count|kubelet_running_pod_count|kubelet_runtime_operations|kubelet_runtime_operations_errors|kubelet_runtime_operations_latency_microseconds|kubelet_runtime_operations_latency_microseconds_count|kubelet_runtime_operations_latency_microseconds_sum|kubernetes_build_info|net_conntrack_dialer_conn_attempted_total|net_conntrack_dialer_conn_closed_total|net_conntrack_dialer_conn_established_total|net_conntrack_dialer_conn_failed_total|net_conntrack_listener_conn_accepted_total|net_conntrack_listener_conn_closed_total|nginx_ingress_controller_leader_election_status|nginx_ingress_controller_ssl_expire_time_seconds|prometheus_api_remote_read_queries|prometheus_build_info|prometheus_config_last_reload_success_timestamp_seconds|prometheus_config_last_reload_successful|prometheus_engine_queries|prometheus_engine_queries_concurrent_max|prometheus_engine_query_duration_seconds|prometheus_engine_query_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_engine_query_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_http_request_duration_seconds_bucket|prometheus_http_request_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_http_request_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_http_response_size_bytes_bucket|prometheus_http_response_size_bytes_count|prometheus_http_response_size_bytes_sum|prometheus_notifications_alertmanagers_discovered|prometheus_notifications_dropped_total|prometheus_notifications_errors_total|prometheus_notifications_latency_seconds|prometheus_notifications_latency_seconds_count|prometheus_notifications_latency_seconds_sum|prometheus_notifications_queue_capacity|prometheus_notifications_queue_length|prometheus_notifications_sent_total|prometheus_operator_node_address_lookup_errors_total|prometheus_operator_reconcile_errors_total|prometheus_operator_spec_replicas|prometheus_operator_triggered_total|prometheus_remote_storage_dropped_samples_total|prometheus_remote_storage_enqueue_retries_total|prometheus_remote_storage_failed_samples_total|prometheus_remote_storage_highest_timestamp_in_seconds|prometheus_remote_storage_pending_samples|prometheus_remote_storage_queue_highest_sent_timestamp_seconds|prometheus_remote_storage_remote_read_queries|prometheus_remote_storage_retried_samples_total|prometheus_remote_storage_samples_in_total|prometheus_remote_storage_sent_batch_duration_seconds_bucket|prometheus_remote_storage_sent_batch_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_remote_storage_sent_batch_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_remote_storage_shard_capacity|prometheus_remote_storage_shards|prometheus_remote_storage_succeeded_samples_total|prometheus_rule_evaluation_duration_seconds|prometheus_rule_evaluation_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_rule_evaluation_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_rule_evaluation_failures_total|prometheus_rule_evaluations_total|prometheus_rule_group_duration_seconds|prometheus_rule_group_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_rule_group_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_rule_group_interval_seconds|prometheus_rule_group_iterations_missed_total|prometheus_rule_group_iterations_total|prometheus_rule_group_last_duration_seconds|prometheus_rule_group_last_evaluation_timestamp_seconds|prometheus_rule_group_rules|prometheus_sd_consul_rpc_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_sd_consul_rpc_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_sd_consul_rpc_failures_total|prometheus_sd_discovered_targets|prometheus_sd_dns_lookup_failures_total|prometheus_sd_dns_lookups_total|prometheus_sd_file_read_errors_total|prometheus_sd_file_scan_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_sd_file_scan_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_last_resource_version|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_list_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_list_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_list_items_count|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_list_items_sum|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_list_total|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_short_watches_total|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_watch_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_watch_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_watch_events_count|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_watch_events_sum|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_cache_watches_total|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_events_total|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_http_request_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_http_request_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_http_request_total|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_workqueue_depth|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_workqueue_items_total|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_workqueue_latency_seconds_count|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_workqueue_latency_seconds_sum|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_workqueue_longest_running_processor_seconds|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_workqueue_unfinished_work_seconds|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_workqueue_work_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_sd_kubernetes_workqueue_work_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_sd_received_updates_total|prometheus_sd_updates_total|prometheus_target_interval_length_seconds|prometheus_target_interval_length_seconds_count|prometheus_target_interval_length_seconds_sum|prometheus_target_scrape_pool_reloads_failed_total|prometheus_target_scrape_pool_reloads_total|prometheus_target_scrape_pool_sync_total|prometheus_target_scrape_pools_failed_total|prometheus_target_scrape_pools_total|prometheus_target_scrapes_cache_flush_forced_total|prometheus_target_scrapes_exceeded_sample_limit_total|prometheus_target_scrapes_sample_duplicate_timestamp_total|prometheus_target_scrapes_sample_out_of_bounds_total|prometheus_target_scrapes_sample_out_of_order_total|prometheus_target_sync_length_seconds|prometheus_target_sync_length_seconds_count|prometheus_target_sync_length_seconds_sum|prometheus_template_text_expansion_failures_total|prometheus_template_text_expansions_total|prometheus_treecache_watcher_goroutines|prometheus_treecache_zookeeper_failures_total|prometheus_tsdb_blocks_loaded|prometheus_tsdb_checkpoint_creations_failed_total|prometheus_tsdb_checkpoint_creations_total|prometheus_tsdb_checkpoint_deletions_failed_total|prometheus_tsdb_checkpoint_deletions_total|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_chunk_range_seconds_bucket|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_chunk_range_seconds_count|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_chunk_range_seconds_sum|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_chunk_samples_bucket|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_chunk_samples_count|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_chunk_samples_sum|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_chunk_size_bytes_bucket|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_chunk_size_bytes_count|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_chunk_size_bytes_sum|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_duration_seconds_bucket|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_tsdb_compaction_populating_block|prometheus_tsdb_compactions_failed_total|prometheus_tsdb_compactions_total|prometheus_tsdb_compactions_triggered_total|prometheus_tsdb_head_active_appenders|prometheus_tsdb_head_chunks|prometheus_tsdb_head_chunks_created_total|prometheus_tsdb_head_chunks_removed_total|prometheus_tsdb_head_gc_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_tsdb_head_gc_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_tsdb_head_max_time|prometheus_tsdb_head_max_time_seconds|prometheus_tsdb_head_min_time|prometheus_tsdb_head_min_time_seconds|prometheus_tsdb_head_samples_appended_total|prometheus_tsdb_head_series|prometheus_tsdb_head_series_created_total|prometheus_tsdb_head_series_not_found_total|prometheus_tsdb_head_series_removed_total|prometheus_tsdb_head_truncations_failed_total|prometheus_tsdb_head_truncations_total|prometheus_tsdb_lowest_timestamp|prometheus_tsdb_lowest_timestamp_seconds|prometheus_tsdb_reloads_failures_total|prometheus_tsdb_reloads_total|prometheus_tsdb_size_retentions_total|prometheus_tsdb_storage_blocks_bytes|prometheus_tsdb_symbol_table_size_bytes|prometheus_tsdb_time_retentions_total|prometheus_tsdb_tombstone_cleanup_seconds_bucket|prometheus_tsdb_tombstone_cleanup_seconds_count|prometheus_tsdb_tombstone_cleanup_seconds_sum|prometheus_tsdb_vertical_compactions_total|prometheus_tsdb_wal_completed_pages_total|prometheus_tsdb_wal_corruptions_total|prometheus_tsdb_wal_fsync_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_tsdb_wal_fsync_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_tsdb_wal_page_flushes_total|prometheus_tsdb_wal_truncate_duration_seconds_count|prometheus_tsdb_wal_truncate_duration_seconds_sum|prometheus_tsdb_wal_truncations_failed_total|prometheus_tsdb_wal_truncations_total|prometheus_wal_watcher_current_segment|prometheus_wal_watcher_record_decode_failures_total|prometheus_wal_watcher_records_read_total|prometheus_wal_watcher_samples_sent_pre_tailing_total|reflector_items_per_list_count|reflector_items_per_list_sum|reflector_items_per_watch|reflector_items_per_watch_count|reflector_items_per_watch_sum|reflector_last_resource_version|reflector_list_duration_seconds_count|reflector_list_duration_seconds_sum|reflector_lists_total|reflector_short_watches_total|reflector_watch_duration_seconds|reflector_watch_duration_seconds_count|reflector_watch_duration_seconds_sum|reflector_watches_total|rest_client_request_latency_seconds_bucket|rest_client_request_latency_seconds_count|rest_client_request_latency_seconds_sum|ssh_tunnel_open_count|ssh_tunnel_open_fail_count|storage_operation_duration_seconds_bucket|storage_operation_duration_seconds_count|storage_operation_duration_seconds_sum|storage_operation_errors_total|volume_manager_total_volumesapiserver_current_inflight_requests
                sourceLabels:
                - __name__
              ### The URL of the Metricstore. Format: https://{project}.{sls-enpoint}/prometheus/{project}/{metricstore}/api/v1/write.
              ### Replace the value of the {sls-enpoint} variable with the Log Service endpoint in the region where the project resides. For a list of Log Service endpoints in different regions, see Endpoints.
              ### Replace the value of the {project} variable with the Log Service project name, and replace the value of the {metricstore} variable with the Metricstore name.
              url: https://sls-prometheus-test.cn-beijing.log.aliyuncs.com/prometheus/sls-prometheus-test/prometheus-raw/api/v1/write
                                      

Send Prometheus data from Log Service to Grafana

  1. Log on to Grafana.
  2. In the left-side navigation pane, choose G1 > Data Sources.
  3. On the Data Sources tab, click Add data source.
  4. Move the pointer over the Prometheus card and click Select.
  5. On the Settings tab, set the required parameters. The following table describes the parameters.
    Parameter Description
    Name Enter a name for the data source, for example, Prometheus-01.
    HTTP
    • URL: Enter the URL of the Metricstore in the https://{project}.{sls-enpoint}/prometheus/{project}/{metricstore} format. Replace the value of the {sls-enpoint} with the Log Service endpoint in the region where the project resides. For a list of Log Service endpoints in different regions, see Endpoints. Replace the value of the {project} variable with the Log Service project name, and replace the value of the {metricstore} variable with the Metricstore name. In this example, the URL is https://sls-prometheus-test.cn-hangzhou.log.aliyuncs.com/prometheus/sls-prometheus-test/prometheus.
      Note To ensure secure transmission, you must use HTTPS.
    • Whitelisted Cookies: Specify a whitelist for access. This parameter is optional.
    Auth Select only the Basic Auth check box.
    Basic Auth Details
    • User: Enter an AccessKey ID.
    • Password: Enter the AccessKey secret that corresponds to the AccessKey ID.

    We recommend that you use the AccessKey pair of a RAM user that has only the read permission on the Log Service project. For information about how to grant only the read permission on a specified Log Service project to a RAM user, see Use custom policies to grant permissions to a RAM user.

  6. Click Save & Test.
    After you configure the settings, you can view the time series data in a dashboard of Grafana. grafana