Tag design rules are management rules. We recommend that you plan and design tags based on the principles and best practices for tag design in this topic. This avoids business loss caused by frequent changes to tag design rules and helps you develop a tag management system that supports sustainable evolution.


Tags can be used to manage, categorize, and search for resources. The resources include personnel, finance, and cloud services. Tags can be used to perform the following operations:

  • Search for and manage resources.
  • Manage costs and cost allocation.
  • Automate operations and maintenance (O&M).
  • Control access to resources.

Design principles

The following content describes the design principles:

  • Mutual exclusivity

    This principle ensures that one resource attribute uses only one tag key. For example, if you have used the tag key owner to represent the owner attribute, you cannot use other tag keys such as own or belonger to represent this attribute again.

  • Collective exhaustion

    When you plan resources, you must plan tags and prioritize tag keys. All resources must be bound with planned tag keys and related values. Each key-value pair must be named in a standard format.

    Collective exhaustion is a prerequisite for tag-based resource search, cost allocation, automated O&M, and access control.

  • Limited values

    This principle is used to remove excess tag values and retain only core tag values. It simplifies procedures such as resource management, access control, automated O&M, and cost allocation.

  • Considering consequences of future changes

    When you plan tags, you must consider the impact of adding or removing tag values that may have in the future. This provides extra flexibility to modify tags.

    When you modify tags, tag-based access control, automated O&M, and related billing reports may change. For corporate or individual business, we recommend that you create business-related tags. This way, you can manage resources based on the tags from technical, business, and security dimensions. When you use automated O&M tools to manage resources and services, you can add automation-specific tags to facilitate automation.

  • Simplified design

    This principle allows you to simplify the use of tag keys by creating dimension-specific tag keys during the tag planning stage. It also reduces operation errors caused by excessive tag keys.


The following table lists the tag naming examples in common dimensions. We recommend that you use lowercase letters to name tags.

Dimension Tag key Tag value
  • company
  • department
  • organization
  • team
  • group
Organization-specific names
  • product
  • business
  • module
  • service
Business-specific names
  • role
  • user
  • network administrator
  • application administrator
  • system administrator
  • O&M administrator
  • R&D personnel
  • test personnel
  • purpose
  • use
Specific purposes
  • Project dimensions:
    • project
    • risk
    • schedule
    • subtask
    • environment
  • Personnel dimensions:
    • sponsor
    • member
    • owner
    • creator
Project-related values
Business department (to implement cost allocation and business tracking)
  • costcenter
  • businessunit
  • biz
  • financecontact
Department-related values
Owner from the finance dimension (to identify the resource owner) owner Names or emails
Customer from the finance dimension (to identify the customers that use specific resources) Custom values or true values Customer names
Project from the finance dimension (to identify the projects that are supported by specific resources) project Project names
Order from the finance dimension order Order category IDs