A global database network (GDN) consists of multiple PolarDB clusters that are deployed across regions around the world. Data is synchronized across all clusters in each GDN. GDNs enable applications that are deployed across different regions to access databases with low latency and high stability. This topic describes how to create and release a GDN.


A primary PolarDB cluster is created. For more information, see Purchase a pay-as-you-go cluster and Purchase a subscription cluster.


  • The cluster must meet the following requirements:
    • The edition of the cluster is Cluster Edition.
    • The version of the cluster is ApsaraDB PolarDB MySQL-compatible edition 8.0.
    • The minor version of the kernel for the primary cluster is upgraded to the latest. For more information, see Upgrade versions.
  • A GDN contains a single primary cluster and up to four secondary clusters. Multiple clusters can be deployed within the same zone of a region.
    Note To add more secondary clusters, Submit a ticket.
  • A cluster belongs to only one GDN.
  • Clusters in the GDN do not support specifications of 2 cores and 4 GB of memory or 2 cores and 8 GB of memory.


Cross-region data transmission within a GDN is free of charge. You are charged only for PolarDB clusters in the GDN. For more information about the pricing rules of PolarDB clusters, see Billable items.

Create a GDN

  1. Log on to the PolarDB console.
  2. In the left-side navigation pane, click Global Database Network.
  3. On the Global Database Network page, click Create GDN.
  4. In the Create GDN dialog box, specify the following parameters.
    Parameter Description
    Name The name of the GDN that you want to create. We recommend that you set a descriptive name that makes it easy to identify. GDN names do not have to be unique.
    Primary Region The region where the primary cluster is deployed.
    Note Select the region where the primary cluster is deployed.
    Primary Cluster Select an existing cluster as the primary cluster of the GDN.

    Only ApsaraDB PolarDB MySQL-compatible edition 8.0 is supported.

  5. After you specify the preceding parameters, click OK.
    Note After you create a GDN, you can add secondary clusters. For more information, see Add and remove secondary clusters.

Release a GDN

  1. Log on to the PolarDB console.
  2. In the left-side navigation pane, click Global Database Network.
  3. Find the GDN that you want to release and click Delete in the Actions column.
    • A GDN can be released if it contains only the primary cluster.
    • A GDN cannot be restored after it is released. Proceed with caution.
    • Applications that are connected to GDN endpoints cannot access databases. Modify the application code to change the connection string of the GDN at the earliest opportunity.
  4. In the Delete GDN message, click OK.


  • How many GDNs can I create for an Alibaba Cloud account?

    The number of GDNs that you can create is unlimited.

  • After a GDN is created, can I change the primary cluster of the GDN?
    No, you cannot change the primary cluster after the GDN is created. You can create another GDN, select the required cluster as the primary cluster, and then release the current GDN.
    Note Before you release the GDN, remove all secondary clusters from the GDN.