This topic describes the Performance Agent feature that is provided by AliSQL as a plug-in. This feature allows you to collect statistics of performance data on ApsaraDB RDS for MySQL instances.

Background information

Performance Agent adds a memory table named PERF_STATISTICS to the information_schema system database. This table stores the performance data that is generated over a recent period of time. You can query performance data from this table.

Prerequisites

Your RDS instance runs one of the following database engine versions:

  • MySQL 8.0 with a minor engine version of 20200229 or later
  • MySQL 5.7 with a minor engine version of 20200229 or later
  • MySQL 5.6 with a minor engine version of 20200630 or later
Note For information about how to update the minor engine version, see Upgrade the minor engine version of an ApsaraDB RDS for MySQL instance.

Parameters

The following table describes the parameters that you must configure for Performance Agent.

Parameter Description
performance_agent_enabled Specifies whether to enable the Performance Agent feature. Valid values: ON | OFF. Default value: ON.
performance_agent_interval Specifies the interval at which you want to collect performance data. Unit: seconds. Default value: 1.
performance_agent_perfstat_volume_size Specifies the maximum number of data records that are allowed in the PERF_STATISTICS memory table. Default value: 3600. If you set the performance_agent_interval parameter to 1, the system retains the performance data generated within the last hour.

Schema

The PERF_STATISTICS memory table uses the following schema:

CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE `PERF_STATISTICS` (
  `TIME` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `PROCS_MEM_USAGE` double NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `PROCS_CPU_RATIO` double NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `PROCS_IOPS` double NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `PROCS_IO_READ_BYTES` bigint(21) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `PROCS_IO_WRITE_BYTES` bigint(21) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_CONN_ABORT` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_CONN_CREATED` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_USER_CONN_COUNT` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_CONN_RUNNING` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_LOCK_IMMEDIATE` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_LOCK_WAITED` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_COM_INSERT` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_COM_UPDATE` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_COM_DELETE` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_COM_SELECT` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_COM_COMMIT` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_COM_ROLLBACK` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_COM_PREPARE` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_LONG_QUERY` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_TCACHE_GET` bigint(21) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_TCACHE_MISS` bigint(21) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_TMPFILE_CREATED` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_TMP_TABLES` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_TMP_DISKTABLES` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_SORT_MERGE` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_SORT_ROWS` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_BYTES_RECEIVED` bigint(21) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_BYTES_SENT` bigint(21) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_BINLOG_OFFSET` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_IOLOG_OFFSET` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `MYSQL_RELAYLOG_OFFSET` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `EXTRA` json NOT NULL DEFAULT 'null'
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
Column Description
TIME The time when the data record is generated. The time is in the yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss format.
PROCS_MEM_USAGE The amount of physical memory that is occupied by the data record. Unit: bytes.
PROCS_CPU_RATIO The CPU utilization of the RDS instance.
PROCS_IOPS The number of I/O operations that the system invokes.
PROCS_IO_READ_BYTES The amount of data that is read by I/O operations. Unit: bytes.
PROCS_IO_WRITE_BYTES The amount of data that is written by I/O operations. Unit: bytes.
MYSQL_CONN_ABORT The number of disconnected connections.
MYSQL_CONN_CREATED The number of new connections.
MYSQL_USER_CONN_COUNT The total number of connections.
MYSQL_CONN_RUNNING The number of active connections.
MYSQL_LOCK_IMMEDIATE The number of locks held by the data record.
MYSQL_LOCK_WAITED The number of lock wait events.
MYSQL_COM_INSERT The number of statements that are executed to insert data.
MYSQL_COM_UPDATE The number of statements that are executed to update data.
MYSQL_COM_DELETE The number of statements that are executed to delete data.
MYSQL_COM_SELECT The number of statements that are executed to query data.
MYSQL_COM_COMMIT The number of transactions that are explicitly committed.
MYSQL_COM_ROLLBACK The number of transactions that are rolled back.
MYSQL_COM_PREPARE The number of statements that are pre-processed.
MYSQL_LONG_QUERY The number of slow queries.
MYSQL_TCACHE_GET The number of cache hits.
MYSQL_TCACHE_MISS The number of cache misses.
MYSQL_TMPFILE_CREATED The number of temporary files that are created.
MYSQL_TMP_TABLES The number of temporary tables that are created.
MYSQL_TMP_DISKTABLES The number of temporary disk tables that are created.
MYSQL_SORT_MERGE The number of times that data is merged and sorted.
MYSQL_SORT_ROWS The number of rows that are sorted.
MYSQL_BYTES_RECEIVED The amount of data that is received. Unit: bytes.
MYSQL_BYTES_SENT The amount of data that is sent. Unit: bytes.
MYSQL_BINLOG_OFFSET The size of the binary log file that is generated. Unit: bytes.
MYSQL_IOLOG_OFFSET The size of the binary log file that is sent from the primary RDS instance. Unit: bytes.
MYSQL_RELAYLOG_OFFSET The size of the binary log file that is sent from the secondary RDS instance. Unit: bytes.
EXTRA The statistics information about InnoDB. The EXTRA parameter consists of multiple fields in the JSON format. For more information, see Table 1.
Note The values of the metrics in the InnoDB statistics information are the same as the values that are obtained by executing the SHOW STATUS statement.
Table 1. Fields in the EXTRA parameter
Field Description
INNODB_TRX_CNT The number of transactions.
INNODB_DATA_READ The amount of data that is read. Unit: bytes.
INNODB_IBUF_SIZE The number of pages that are merged.
INNODB_LOG_WAITS The number of times that InnoDB waits to write logs.
INNODB_MAX_PURGE The number of transactions that are deleted.
INNODB_N_WAITING The number of locks for which InnoDB waits.
INNODB_ROWS_READ The number of rows that are read.
INNODB_LOG_WRITES The number of times that logs are written by InnoDB.
INNODB_IBUF_MERGES The number of times that data is merged by InnoDB.
INNODB_DATA_WRITTEN The amount of data that is written. Unit: bytes.
INNODB_DBLWR_WRITES The number of doublewrite operations.
INNODB_IBUF_SEGSIZE The size of data that is inserted into the buffer.
INNODB_ROWS_DELETED The number of rows that are deleted.
INNODB_ROWS_UPDATED The number of rows that are updated.
INNODB_COMMIT_TRXCNT The number of transactions that are committed.
INNODB_IBUF_FREELIST The length of the idle list.
INNODB_MYSQL_TRX_CNT The number of MySQL transactions.
INNODB_ROWS_INSERTED The number of rows that are inserted.
INNODB_ACTIVE_TRX_CNT The number of active transactions.
INNODB_OS_LOG_WRITTEN The amount of log data that is written. Unit: bytes.
INNODB_ACTIVE_VIEW_CNT The number of active views.
INNODB_RSEG_HISTORY_LEN The length of the TRX_RSEG_HISTORY table.
INNODB_AVG_COMMIT_TRXTIME The average time taken to commit a transaction.
INNODB_MAX_COMMIT_TRXTIME The maximum time taken to commit a transaction.
INNODB_DBLWR_PAGES_WRITTEN The number of writes that are completed by doublewrite operations.

Examples

  • Query the system table to obtain performance data.
    • Query the CPU utilization and memory usage over the last 30 seconds. Example:
      MySQL> select TIME, PROCS_MEM_USAGE, PROCS_CPU_RATIO from information_schema.PERF_STATISTICS order by time DESC limit 30;
      +---------------------+-----------------+-----------------+
      | TIME                | PROCS_MEM_USAGE | PROCS_CPU_RATIO |
      +---------------------+-----------------+-----------------+
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:36 |       857812992 |           18.55 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:35 |       857808896 |           18.54 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:34 |       857268224 |           19.64 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:33 |       857268224 |           21.06 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:32 |       857264128 |           20.39 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:31 |       857272320 |           20.32 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:30 |       857272320 |           21.35 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:29 |       857272320 |            28.8 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:28 |       857268224 |           29.08 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:27 |       857268224 |           26.92 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:26 |       857268224 |           23.84 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:25 |       857264128 |           13.76 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:24 |       857264128 |           15.12 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:23 |       857264128 |           14.76 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:22 |       857264128 |           15.38 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:21 |       857260032 |           13.23 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:20 |       857260032 |           12.75 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:19 |       857260032 |           12.17 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:18 |       857255936 |           13.22 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:17 |       857255936 |           20.51 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:16 |       857255936 |           28.74 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:15 |       857251840 |           29.85 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:14 |       857251840 |           29.31 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:13 |       856981504 |           28.85 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:12 |       856981504 |           29.19 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:11 |       856977408 |           29.12 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:10 |       856977408 |           29.32 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:09 |       856977408 |            29.2 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:08 |       856973312 |           29.36 |
      | 2020-02-27 11:15:07 |       856973312 |           28.79 |
      +---------------------+-----------------+-----------------+
      30 rows in set (0.08 sec)
    • Query the rows that are read and written by InnoDB over the last 30 seconds. Example:
      MySQL> select TIME, EXTRA->'$.INNODB_ROWS_READ', EXTRA->'$.INNODB_ROWS_INSERTED' from information_schema.PERF_STATISTICS order by time DESC limit 30;
      +---------------------+-----------------------------+---------------------------------+
      | TIME                | EXTRA->'$.INNODB_ROWS_READ' | EXTRA->'$.INNODB_ROWS_INSERTED' |
      +---------------------+-----------------------------+---------------------------------+
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:17 | 39209                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:16 | 36098                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:15 | 38035                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:14 | 37384                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:13 | 38336                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:12 | 33946                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:11 | 36301                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:10 | 36835                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:09 | 36900                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:08 | 36402                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:07 | 39672                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:06 | 39316                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:05 | 37830                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:04 | 36396                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:03 | 34820                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:02 | 37350                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:01 | 39463                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:22:00 | 38419                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:59 | 37673                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:58 | 35117                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:57 | 36140                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:56 | 37592                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:55 | 39765                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:54 | 35553                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:53 | 35882                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:52 | 37061                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:51 | 40699                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:50 | 39608                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:49 | 39317                       | 0                               |
      | 2020-02-27 11:21:48 | 37413                       | 0                               |
      +---------------------+-----------------------------+---------------------------------+
      30 rows in set (0.08 sec)
  • Connect to a monitoring platform to monitor your database performance in real time. For example, connect to Grafana.Grafana