Container Registry is a service that is provided by Alibaba Cloud for managing container images. You can use Container Registry to manage the lifecycle of container images in 20 regions around the world. Container Registry is integrated with other Alibaba Cloud services such as Container Service for Kubernetes (ACK) to provide an all-in-one solution for managing cloud-native applications. This topic describes how to use image-syncer to synchronize images from a self-managed Harbor instance to an instance of Container Registry Default Instance Edition.

Prerequisites

The Container Registry service is activated.

You can log on to the Container Registry console to activate Container Registry.

Create a namespace

A namespace allows you to manage a collection of repositories. You can manage permissions on repositories and repository attributes. You can enable Automatically Create Repository for a namespace. When you run the docker push command to push images to a repository that does not exist in the namespace, the repository is automatically created.
Note The repository that is created by using the docker push command can be public or private based on the default repository type of the namespace.
  1. Log on to the Container Registry console.
  2. In the left-side navigation pane, choose Default Instance > Namespaces.
  3. On the Namespaces page, click Create Namespace in the upper-right corner.
  4. In the Create Namespace dialog box, set parameters for the namespace and click Confirm.

After the namespace is created, you can find it on the Namespaces page. You can also manage namespaces on the Namespaces page. For more information, see Manage namespaces.

Grant permissions to a RAM user

Before you perform operations as a Resource Access Management (RAM) user, create a RAM user and grant permissions to the RAM user. Skip this step if you use an Alibaba Cloud account to perform subsequent operations.

  1. Create a RAM user. For more information, see Create a RAM user.
  2. Grant permissions to the RAM user. For more information, see Create a custom RAM policy.
    In this example, the RAM user requires only permissions to create and update image repositories in the image-syncer namespace. The following policy grants the RAM user the minimum required permissions:
    {
        "Statement": [
            {
                "Effect": "Allow",
                "Action": [
                    "cr:CreateRepository",
                    "cr:UpdateRepository",
                    "cr:PushRepository",
                    "cr:PullRepository"
                ],
                "Resource": [
                    "acs:cr:*:*:repository/image-syncer/*"
                ]
            }
        ],
        "Version": "1"
    }

Create a credential

Before you pull private images or upload images, you must run the docker login command to log on to the instance with a credential. Perform the following steps to create a credential:

  1. In the left-side navigation pane, choose Default Instance > Access Credential.
  2. On the Access Credential page, click Set Password.
  3. In the Set Password dialog box, set Password and Confirm Password and click OK.

You can call an API operation to obtain a temporary token that you can use to access a Container Registry instance. For more information, see GetAuthorizationToken.

Configure image-syncer

In this example, images in the library/nginx repository of a self-managed Harbor instance are synchronized to the image-syncer namespace on an instance of Container Registry Default Instance Edition in the China (Beijing) region. The name of the source repository, which is nginx, is used as the name of the destination repository. The following example shows how to configure image-syncer:
{
    "auth": {
        "harbor.myk8s.paas.com:32080": {
            "username": "admin",
            "password": "xxxxxxxxx",
            "insecure": true
        },
        "registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com": {
            "username": "acr_pusher@1938562138124787",
            "password": "xxxxxxxx"
        }
    },
    "images": {
        "harbor.myk8s.paas.com:32080/library/nginx": ""
    }
}
  • harbor.myk8s.paas.com:32080: the endpoint of the self-managed Harbor instance. You must replace the value with an actual endpoint.
    • username: the username of the self-managed Harbor instance. The value is admin in this example.
    • password: the password of the self-managed Harbor instance.
    • insecure: Set this parameter to true.
  • registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com: the endpoint of the destination repository. In this example, the image is deployed in the China (Beijing) region.
    • username: the username in the credential.
    • password: the password in the credential.
  • "harbor.myk8s.paas.com:32080/library/nginx": "": access the library/nginx repository through the endpoint harbor.myk8s.paas.com:32080.

Use image-syncer to synchronize images

  1. Download the latest installation package of image-syncer.
    Note Only the Linux AMD64 version is supported.
  2. Install and configure image-syncer.
    For more information, see Install and configure image-syncer.
  3. Run the following command to synchronize images:
    # Set the default destination repository to registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com and the default destination namespace to image-syncer.
    # Set both the number of images that can be synchronized at a time and the maximum number of retries to 10.
    # Record logs in the ./log file. If the file does not exist, it is automatically created. By default, image-syncer logs are stored in Stderr if the log file is not specified.
    # Specify harbor-to-acr.json as the configuration file. Its content is described in the previous section.
    ./image-syncer --proc=10 --config=./harbor-to-acr.json --registry=registry.cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com --namespace=image-syncer --retries=10 --log=./log

Synchronization result

Each time you synchronize an image, image-syncer generates a synchronization task, runs the task, and retries if the task fails. Each task synchronizes an image that is represented by a tag. If no tag is specified for a rule in the configuration file, image-syncer lists all the tags in the source repository and generates synchronization tasks for all the images. If image-syncer fails to generate synchronization tasks, image-syncer retries after it runs generated tasks.

  • The following figure shows the output of a successful synchronization task. Success
  • The following figure shows the output of a failed synchronization task. Possible reasons include invalid usernames or passwords. Failure
  • The following figure shows the logs of image-syncer. Log data