This topic describes how to use a PyODPS node to perform sequence operations.

Prerequisites

The following operations are completed:

Procedure

  1. Prepare test data.
    1. Download the iris dataset named iris.data and rename it iris.csv.
    2. Create a table named pyodps_iris and import the data in the iris.csv dataset to the table. For more information, see Create tables and import data.
      In this example, execute the following statement to create the pyodps_iris table:
      CREATE TABLE if not exists pyodps_iris
      (
      sepallength  DOUBLE comment 'sepal length (cm)',
      sepalwidth   DOUBLE comment 'sepal width (cm)',
      petallength  DOUBLE comment 'petal length (cm)',
      petalwidth   DOUBLE comment 'petal width (cm)',
      name         STRING comment 'type'
      );
  2. Log on to the DataWorks console.
  3. In the left-side navigation pane, click Workspaces.
  4. On the Workspaces page, find the target workspace and click Data Analytics in the Actions column.
  5. On the Data Development tab, right-click the target workflow in the Business process section and choose New > MaxCompute > PyODPS 2.
  6. In the New node dialog box, set the Node name parameter and click Submit.
  7. On the configuration tab of the PyODPS 2 node, enter the code of the node in the code editor. In this example, enter the following code:
    from odps import DataFrame
    iris = DataFrame(o.get_table('pyodps_iris'))
    
    # Obtain data from the specified column.
    print iris.sepallength.head(5)
    
    print iris['sepallength'].head(5)
    
    # View the data type of the column.
    print iris.sepallength.dtype
    
    # Change the data type of the column.
    iris.sepallength.astype('int')
    
    # Group values in the specified column and obtain the maximum value in each group.
    print iris.groupby('name').sepallength.max().head(5)
    
    print iris.sepallength.max()
    
    # Rename the specified column.
    print iris.sepalwidth.rename('speal_width').head(5)
    
    # Obtain the sum of the values of the specified columns, place the sum in a new column, and rename the new column.
    print (iris.sepallength + iris.sepalwidth).rename('sum_sepal').head(5)
  8. Click the Run icon in the toolbar.
  9. View the running result of the PyODPS 2 node on the Run Log tab.
    In this example, the following information appears on the Run Log tab:
    Executing user script with PyODPS 0.8.0
    Try to fetch data from tunnel
    
       sepallength
    0          4.9
    1          4.7
    2          4.6
    3          5.0
    4          5.4
    Try to fetch data from tunnel
       sepallength
    0          4.9
    1          4.7
    2          4.6
    3          5.0
    4          5.4
    FLOAT64
    Sql compiled:
    CREATE TABLE tmp_pyodps_ed78e3ba_f13c_4a49_812d_2790d57c25dd LIFECYCLE 1 AS
    SELECT MAX(t1.`sepallength`) AS `sepallength_max`
    FROM data_service_fr.`pyodps_iris` t1
    GROUP BY t1.`name`
    
       sepallength_max
    0              5.8
    1              7.0
    2              7.9
    Collection: ref_0
      odps.Table
        name: data_service_fr.`pyodps_iris`
        schema:
          sepallength           : double      # Sepal length (cm)
          sepalwidth            : double      # Sepal width (cm)
          petallength           : double      # Petal length (cm)
          petalwidth            : double      # Petal width (cm)
          name                  : string      # Type
    max = Max[float64]
      sepallength = Column[sequence(float64)] 'sepallength' from collection ref_0
    Try to fetch data from tunnel
       speal_width
    0          3.0
    1          3.2
    2          3.1
    3          3.6
    4          3.9
    Sql compiled:
    CREATE TABLE tmp_pyodps_28120275_8d0f_4683_8318_302fa21459ac LIFECYCLE 1 AS
    SELECT t1.`sepallength` + t1.`sepalwidth` AS `sum_sepal`
    FROM data_service_fr.`pyodps_iris` t1
    
       sum_sepal
    0        7.9
    1        7.9
    2        7.7
    3        8.6
    4        9.3
    2019-08-13 10:48:13 INFO =================================================================
    2019-08-13 10:48:13 INFO Exit code of the Shell command 0
    2019-08-13 10:48:13 INFO --- Invocation of Shell command completed ---
    2019-08-13 10:48:13 INFO Shell run successfully!
  10. Use the same method to create and run another PyODPS node named PyExecute.
    On the configuration tab of the PyExecute node, enter the following code in the code editor:
    from odps import options
    from odps import DataFrame
    
    # View the logview of the running instance.
    options.verbose = True
    iris = DataFrame(o.get_table('pyodps_iris'))
    iris[iris.sepallength < 5].exclude('sepallength')[:5].execute()
    
    my_logs = []
    def my_loggers(x):
        my_logs.append(x)
    
    options.verbose_log = my_loggers
    
    iris[iris.sepallength < 5].exclude('sepallength')[:5].execute()
    
    print(my_logs)
    
    # Cache the intermediate collection.
    cached = iris[iris.sepalwidth < 3.5].cache()
    print cached.head(3)
    
    # Concurrently execute methods in asynchronous mode.
    from odps.df import Delay
    delay = Delay() # Create a Delay object.
    df = iris[iris.sepalwidth < 5].cache()  # The sum(), mean(), and max() methods depend on cache().
    future1 = df.sepalwidth.sum().execute(delay=delay) # This method immediately returns a future object without execution after it is called.
    future2 = df.sepalwidth.mean().execute(delay=delay)
    future3 = df.sepalwidth.max().execute(delay=delay)
    
    delay.execute(n_parallel=3)
    
    print future1.result()
    print future2.result()
    print future3.result()
    In this example, the following logs are recorded after the PyExecute node is run:
    Executing user script with PyODPS 0.8.0
    Sql compiled:
    CREATE TABLE tmp_pyodps_4a204590_0510_4e9c_823b_5b837a437840 LIFECYCLE 1 AS
    SELECT t1.`sepalwidth`, t1.`petallength`, t1.`petalwidth`, t1.`name`
    FROM data_service_fr.`pyodps_iris` t1
    WHERE t1.`sepallength` < 5
    LIMIT 5
    Instance ID: 20190813025233386g04djssa
      Log view: http://logview.odps.aliyun.com/logview/XXX
    ['Sql compiled:', 'CREATE TABLE tmp_pyodps_03b92c55_8442_4e61_8978_656495487b8a LIFECYCLE 1 AS \nSELECT t1.`sepalwidth`, t1.`petallength`, t1.`petalwidth`, t1.`name` \nFROM data_service_fr.`pyodps_iris` t1 \nWHERE t1.`sepallength` < 5 \nLIMIT 5', 'Instance ID: 20190813025236282gcsna5pr2', u'  
    Log view: http://logview.odps.aliyun.com/logview/?h=http://service.odps.aliyun.com/api&XXX
    
       sepallength  sepalwidth  petallength  petalwidth         name
    0          4.9         3.0          1.4         0.2  Iris-setosa
    1          4.7         3.2          1.3         0.2  Iris-setosa
    2          4.6         3.1          1.5         0.2  Iris-setosa
    
    454.6
    3.05100671141
    4.4
    2019-08-13 10:52:48 INFO =================================================================
    2019-08-13 10:52:48 INFO Exit code of the Shell command 0
    2019-08-13 10:52:48 INFO --- Invocation of Shell command completed ---
    2019-08-13 10:52:48 INFO Shell run successfully!
    2019-08-13 10:52:48 INFO Current task status: FINISH