This topic describes how to deploy Apache Subversion (SVN) over HTTP.

Prerequisites

Background information

In this topic, the following software versions are used to manually deploy SVN. We recommend that you choose the software versions as needed.
  • Operating system: public image CentOS 7.2 64-bit
  • Subversion: 1.7.14
  • Apache HTTP Server: 2.4.6

You can also use images provided by Alibaba Cloud Marketplace to deploy SVN. For more information about how to use SVN images provided by Alibaba Cloud Marketplace to deploy SVN, see the "User guide" section in SVN images (CentOS 64-bit).

Procedure

Step 1: Install SVN

  1. Connect to a Linux instance.
  2. Run the following command to install SVN:
    yum install subversion
  3. Run the following command to check the SVN version:
    svnserve --version

Step 2: Install Apache

  1. Run the following command to install the Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon (HTTPd):
    yum install httpd
  2. Run the following command to check the HTTPd version:
    httpd -version

Step 3: Install mod_dav_svn

Run the following command to install mod_dav_svn:
yum install mod_dav_svn

Step 4: Configure SVN

  1. Run the following commands in sequence to create an SVN repository:
    mkdir /var/svn
    cd /var/svn
    svnadmin create /var/svn/svnrepos
  2. Run the following command to change the user group of the SVN repository to apache:
    chown -R apache:apache /var/svn/svnrepos
  3. Run the following commands in sequence to check files automatically generated in the SVN repository:
    cd svnrepos
    ls
    Check files in the SVN repository
    The following table describes the SVN directories.
    Directory Description
    db Stores all version control data files.
    hooks Stores hook scripts.
    locks The client used to track access to the SVN repository.
    format A text file that contains only one integer, indicating the version number of the current SVN repository.
    conf The configuration file of the SVN repository, including the username and permissions for accessing the repository.
  4. Set the username and password of the SVN repository.
    1. Run the cd conf/ command.
    2. Run the vi passwd command to open the configuration file.
    3. Press the I key to enter the edit mode.
    4. Move the pointer over the [users] field, and add the username and password.
      Note You can add the username and password in the username = password format, such as userTest = passWDTest in the following figure. There must be a space on both ends of the equal sign (=).
      svnserve password
    5. Press the Esc key to exit the edit mode, and enter :wq to save and close the file.
  5. Generate a password for HTTP.
    By default, the password for SVN is in plaintext. You must separately generate a passwd file for HTTP because HTTP does not support passwords in plaintext. In this example, the password is passWDTest.
    htpasswd /var/svn/svnrepos/conf/passwd userTest
  6. Set the read and write permissions for the account.
    1. Run the vi authz command to open the access control file.
    2. Press the I key to enter the edit mode.
    3. Move the pointer over the end of the file and add the following code. In the code, userTest specifies the username, r specifies the read permission, and w specifies the write permission.
      [/]
      userTest=rw
      permission
    4. Press the Esc key to exit the edit mode, and enter :wq to save and close the file.
  7. Modify the configurations of the SVN service.
    1. Run the vi svnserve.conf command to open the configuration file of the SVN service.
    2. Press the I key to enter the edit mode.
    3. Move the pointer over the following lines, and delete the number sign (#) and space at the beginning of each line.
      Note Each line cannot start with a space and there must be a space on both ends of the equal sign (=).
      anon-access = read # This assigns read permissions to anonymous users. You can also set anon-access to none to disable access by anonymous users, and then the revision history of the SVN service can show dates.
      auth-access = write # This authorizes write permissions.
      password-db = passwd # This specifies the password database file.
      authz-db = authz # This specifies the file that stores the authorization rules for path-based access control.
      realm = /var/svn/svnrepos # This specifies the authorization realm of the repository.
      Modify the configurations of the SVN service
    4. Press the Esc key to exit the edit mode, and enter :wq to save and close the file.
  8. Run the following command to start the SVN repository:
    svnserve -d -r /var/svn/
    Note Run the killall svnserve command to stop the SVN service.
  9. Run the ps -ef |grep svn command to check whether the SVN service has been started.
    If the following code returned, the SVN service is started.Check the SVN service status

Step 5: Configure Apache

  1. Run the vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/subversion.conf command to open the HTTPd configuration file.
  2. Press the I key to enter the edit mode.
  3. Enter the following configuration information:
    <Location /svn>
    DAV svn
    SVNParentPath /var/svn
    AuthType Basic
    AuthName "Authorization SVN"
    AuthzSVNAccessFile /var/svn/svnrepos/conf/authz
    AuthUserFile /var/svn/svnrepos/conf/passwd
    Require valid-user
    </Location>
  4. Press the Esc key, and enter :wq to save and close the file.
  5. Run the following command to start the Apache HTTP Server:
    systemctl start httpd.service

Step 6: Use a browser to test access to SVN

  1. Open the browser in the local computer.
  2. In the address bar, enter a URL in the http://<Public IP address of the ECS instance>/svn/<SVN repository name> format, and press the Enter key. In this example, the SVN repository name is svnrepos.
  3. Enter your username and password that you configured in the passwd file. In this example, the username is userTest and the password is passWDTest.
    The following response indicates that you have accessed the created SVN repository.svnrepos