Use the Alibaba Cloud account of enterprise A to create A RAM role, authorize this role, and assign this role to Enterprise B. You can use the Alibaba Cloud account of Enterprise B or the corresponding RAM users to access the Alibaba Cloud resources of Enterprise A.

Background

Assume that Enterprise A has purchased multiple types of cloud resources to carry out its businesses and needs to grant Enterprise B the permission to carry out certain businesses on behalf of Enterprise A. In this case, you can use the resource access management (RAM) role to perform this task. A RAM role does not have a specific logon password or AccessKey pair. A RAM user can be used only after the RAM user is assumed by a trusted entity. To meet the needs of enterprise A, you can perform the following operations:

  1. Create A RAM role for enterprise A
  2. Enterprise A attaches the required permissions to the RAM role
  3. Enterprise B creates a RAM user
  4. Enterprise B adds AliyunSTSAssumeRoleAccess permissions
  5. A RAM user of Enterprise B uses the console or API to access the resources of Enterprise A.

The following table lists the Web+ system permission policies that can be attached to a RAM role.

  • WebPlusFullAccess: Web app service full permissions.
  • WebPlusReadOnlyAccess: Web app service read-only permissions.

Step 1: Create A RAM role for enterprise A

You need to use the Alibaba Cloud account of enterprise A to log on to the RAM console and create A RAM role.

  1. Login RAM console. In the left-side navigation pane, choose RAM roles, and in RAM roles page, click create a RAM role.
  2. In create a RAM role in the panel, do the following and click close.
    1. In current trusted entity type area box, select alibaba Cloud account, and click next Step.
    2. In RAM role name enter a RAM role name in the text box. Select Alibaba Cloud account area box, select other Alibaba Cloud account and enter the cloud account of Enterprise B in the textbox. Then click complete.
      Note The name of the RAM role can contain letters, digits, and hyphens (-). It can be up to 64 characters in length.

Step 2: enterprise A attaches the required permissions to the RAM role

A newly created ram role does not have any permissions. Therefore, enterprise A must grant permissions to this role.

  1. In RAM console in the left-side navigation pane, choose RAM roles.
  2. In RAM roles click the target role on the page. Operation column in the add permissions.
  3. In add permissions panel's select permissions in the left-side navigation pane, search for the policy by keyword, and click the Policies tab to add it to selected list, and then click confirm.
    Note For more information about the permissions that you can add, see the background information.
  4. In the Authorization Result section of the Add Permissions pane, view the authorized permission information, and click Complete.

Step 3: Enterprise B creates a RAM user

Use the Alibaba Cloud account of Enterprise B to log on to the RAM console and create a RAM user.

  1. Login RAM console. In the left-side navigation pane, choose personnel Management > user, and in user page, click create User.
  2. In create User page's user account information in the area box, enter logon name and display name.
    Note The logon name can contain lowercase letters, digits, periods (.), underscores (_), and hyphens (-). The length cannot exceed 128 characters. The display name cannot exceed 24 characters or Chinese characters.
  3. (Optional) If you want to create multiple RAM users at a time, click Add User, and repeat the previous step.
  4. In access Mode in the area box, select console password logon or programmatic access, and click confirm.
    Note For security purposes, select only one access mode.
    • If console password logon, complete the settings. You need to determine whether to automatically generate a default password or custom password, whether to require you to reset your password, and whether to enable MFA.
    • If programmatic access, RAM automatically creates an AccessKey for the RAM user (API access key).
      Notice For security reasons, the RAM console only provides the opportunity to view or download AccessKeySecret once. Therefore, the AccessKey is created. Keep the AccessKeySecret recorded in a safe place.
  5. In mobile phone verification dialog box, click obtain verification code, and enter the received phone verification code, and then click confirm. The created RAM user is displayed in user page.

Step 4: Enterprise B attaches permissions to the RAM users

Enterprise B must add AliyunSTSAssumeRoleAccess to allow A RAM user to assume A RAM role created by Enterprise A.

  1. In RAM console in the left-side navigation pane, choose personnel Management > user.
  2. In user to find the target user, click operation column in the add permissions.
  3. In add permissions panel's select permissions area, search by keyword AliyunSTSAssumeRoleAccess policy, and click the policy to add it to the selected list, and then click confirm.
  4. On the Add Permissions page, view the authorization information summary in the Authorization Result section, and then click Finished.

What to do next

After completing the preceding operations, the RAM users of Enterprise B can log on to the console to access the cloud resources of Enterprise A or call API operations as follows.

  • Log on to the console to access the cloud resources of Enterprise A.
    1. Open in browser the logon page for RAM users.
    2. In RAM user logon page, enter the RAM user logon name, and click next Step, and enter the RAM user password, and then click login.
      Note The logon name of the RAM user is in the format of <$username>@<$AccountAlias> or <$username>@<$AccountAlias>.onaliyun.com. <$AccountAlias> is the account alias. If no account alias is set, the value defaults to the ID of the Alibaba cloud account.
    3. On the RAM user center page, move the pointer to the portrait in the upper-right corner and click Switch Role.
    4. In alibaba Cloud-role switch page, enter the name of Enterprise A's enterprise alias or default domain and role name, and then click switch.
    5. Perform operations on the Alibaba Cloud resources of Enterprise A.
  • Use A RAM user of Enterprise B to access the cloud resources of enterprise A through APIs

    To use A RAM user of Enterprise B to access the cloud resources of Enterprise A by calling API operations, ensure that the code contains the RAM user's AccessKeyId, AccessKeySecret, and SecurityToken (temporary security token). For more information about how to use STS to obtain a temporary security token, see get started with STS.

References