You can create different permissions for different RAM users, and avoid security risks caused by exposing the accesskey of your Alibaba cloud account.
For security reasons, you can create RAM users (sub-accounts) for your Alibaba Cloud account (primary account) and Grant different permissions to these sub-accounts as needed. In this way, the Ram user can assign their own responsibilities without exposing the CMK. This article assumes that Enterprise A wants to have its employees perform routine O&M work. Then, enterprise A can create A RAM user and grant this RAM user the necessary permissions. Employees can then use the RAM users to log on to the console or call API operations.
Web app service provides the following system policies:
- WebPlusFullAccess: Web app service full permissions.
- WebPlusReadOnlyAccess: Web app service read-only permissions.
Step 1: Create a RAM user
You need to use an Alibaba Cloud account to log on to the RAM console and create a RAM user.
- Login RAM console. In the left-side navigation pane, choose , and in user page, click create User.
- In create User page's user account information in the area box, enter logon name and display name.
Note The logon name can contain lowercase letters, digits, periods (.), underscores (_), and hyphens (-). The length cannot exceed 128 characters. The display name cannot exceed 24 characters or Chinese characters.
- (Optional) If you want to create multiple RAM users at a time, click Add User, and repeat the previous step.
- In access Mode in the area box, select console password logon or programmatic access, and click confirm.
Note For security purposes, select only one access mode.
- If console password logon, complete the settings. You need to determine whether to automatically generate a default password or custom password, whether to require you to reset your password, and whether to enable MFA.
- If programmatic access, RAM automatically creates an AccessKey for the RAM user (API access key).
Notice For security reasons, the RAM console only provides the opportunity to view or download AccessKeySecret once. Therefore, the AccessKey is created. Keep the AccessKeySecret recorded in a safe place.
- In mobile phone verification dialog box, click obtain verification code, and enter the received phone verification code, and then click confirm. The created RAM user is displayed in user page.
Step 2: Grant permissions to the RAM user
Before using a RAM user, you must grant permissions to the RAM user.
- In RAM console in the left-side navigation pane, choose .
- In user to find the target user, click operation column in the add permissions.
- In add permissions panel's select permissions in the left-side navigation pane, search for the policy by keyword, and click the
Policies tab to add it to selected list, and then click confirm.
Note For more information about the permissions that you can add, see the background information.
- On the Add Permissions page, view the authorization information summary in the Authorization Result section, and then click Finished.
What to do next
After creating RAM users with an Alibaba Cloud account, you can distribute the logon names and passwords of the RAM users or AccessKey pair information to other RAM users. Other employees can log on to the console or call an API operation with the RAM user through the following steps.
- Log on to the console
- Open in browser the logon page for RAM users.
- In RAM user logon page, enter the RAM user logon name, and click next Step, and enter the RAM user password, and then click login.
Note The logon name of the RAM user is in the format of <$username>@<$AccountAlias> or <$username>@<$AccountAlias>.onaliyun.com. <$AccountAlias> is the account alias. If no account alias is set, the value defaults to the ID of the Alibaba cloud account.
- On the homepage of the Alibaba Cloud console, click a product with the permission to access the console.
- Call an API operation with the RAM user's AccessKey
Use the AccessKeyId and AccessKeySecret of the RAM user in the code.