This topic describes how to use a Java UDF to add one or more key-value pairs to a basic JSON string or overwrite the pairs. Nested JSON strings support this function.

UDF used to add key-value pairs to a JSON string

PutJsonValues(String jsonBase,String Key1,String Value1,String Key2,String Value2...)
  • Description: This function is used to add one or more key-value pairs to a basic JSON string or overwrite the pairs. Nested JSON strings support this function. The number of parameters can be an odd value. This UDF can work with the ToJsonObeject function in Convert data types to JSON STRING. You must first register the ToJsonObeject function.
  • Parameters:
    • jsonBase: the basic JSON string to which you want to add key-value pairs.
    • Key1: Key1 that you want to add. It is of the STRING type.
    • Value1: Value1 that corresponds to Key1. It is of the STRING type.
    • Key2: Key2 that you want to add. It is of the STRING type.
    • Value2: Value2 that corresponds to Key2. It is of the STRING type.

UDF examples

  • Resource upload

    Due to sandbox limits, to run this function in Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute, you must upload the fastjson.JSON and UDF JAR packages to MaxCompute as resources. When you create a function in DataWorks, you must reference the two packages. You can visit MVN to download the fastjson.JSON package.

  • Function registration

    After passes the test, register it as a function.

    In this example, PutJsonValues.jar is the JAR package that is generated by packaging the sample code of the UDF used to add key-value pairs to a JSON string. ODPSUDF-1.0-SNAPSHOT2.jar is the JAR package generated by packaging ToJsonString in the previous topic. fastjson-1.2.28.odps.jar is a fastjson.JSON package.
    • For more information about the procedure in this example, see Create, reference, and download MaxCompute resources.
    • To publish a UDF to a server for production use, you must package, upload, and then register the UDF. You can use the one-click publish feature to complete these steps. MaxCompute Studio allows you to run the mvn clean package command, upload a JAR package, and register the UDF in sequence.
    • You can run common commands on the client to upload resources. For more information, see Resource operations.
  • Examples
    After the UDF is registered, execute the following statement:
    SELECT tojson(NULL)
    ,  tojson(concat('123', chr(3)))
    ,  tojson(123)
    ,  tojson(12.3)
    ,  tojson(true)
    ,  tojson(CAST(123  AS  DECIMAL))
    ,  putJsonValuesTest('{}', 'a', '123', 'b', tojson('abc'), 'c', '{"c1":567}')
    FROM dual;
    The following result is returned:
    • null indicates the NULL value. a is a numeric value without quotation marks. b is a string which needs to be converted to a JSON string by using tojson. {"c1":567} is a valid JSON element and can be directly passed.
    • putJsonValues and tojson are functions that you registered by using DataWorks or IntelliJ IDEA.

UDF code example

import; // The fastjson.JSON class is introduced.
import com.aliyun.odps.udf.UDF;// Alibaba Cloud UDF.

public class PutJsonValues extends UDF {
// Data of the STRING type in MaxCompute is consistent with Java UDFs. The String... keyValues field is a formal parameter that is changeable, which indicates that the number of parameters is uncertain.
    public  PutJsonValues(){

    public  String evaluate(String jsonBase, String... keyValues) {
        if (jsonBase == null) {
            return null;
        JSONObject outputObj = JSON.parseObject(jsonBase);
        for (int i = 1; i < keyValues.length; i = i + 2) {
            String key = keyValues[i - 1];
            String value = keyValues[i];
            if (key == null || value == null) {
            Object valueObj = JSON.parse(value);
            outputObj.put(key, valueObj);
        return JSON.toJSONString(outputObj);

UDF unit testing

// The following code is used to check whether the data type conversion takes effect. You can comment out the code when you use this function.
public static void main(String[] args) {
    PutJsonValues putJsonValues=new PutJsonValues();

    String js=putJsonValues.evaluate("{}", "k", "null");
    System.out.println(new PutJsonValues().evaluate("{}", "a", "123", "b", "234", "c", "345"));
    System.out.println(new PutJsonValues().evaluate("{}", "k", "\"abc\""));
    System.out.println(new PutJsonValues().evaluate("{}", "k", "{\"kk\":123}"));