You can use term query to query data that exactly matches the specified value of a field. Term query is similar to queries based on string match conditions. If the type of a field is TEXT, Tablestore tokenizes the string and exactly matches tokens.

Prerequisites

  • The OTSClient instance is initialized. For more information, see Initialization.
  • A data table is created and data is written to the table.
  • A search index is created for the table. For more information, see Create search indexes.

Parameters

Parameter Description
query The type of the query. Set the query type to TermQuery.
fieldName The name of the field you want to match.
term The keyword used to match the column values when you perform a term query.

This word is not tokenized. Instead, the whole word is used to match the field values.

If the type of a field is TEXT, Tablestore tokenizes the string and exactly matches tokens. For example, TEXT string "tablestore is cool" is tokenized into "tablestore", "is", and "cool". When you specify one of these tokens as a search string, you can retrieve query results that contain "tablestore is cool".

getTotalCount Specifies whether to return the total number of rows that match the query conditions. By default, this parameter is set to false, which indicates that the total number of rows that match the query conditions is not returned.

Query performance is affected when this parameter is set to true.

tableName The name of the table.
indexName The name of the search index.
columnsToGet Specifies whether to return all columns of each matched row. You can configure returnAll and columns for this parameter.

By default, returnAll is set to false, which indicates that not all columns are returned. If returnAll is set to false, you can use columns to specify the columns to return. If you do not specify the columns to return, only the primary key columns are returned.

If returnAll is set to true, all columns are returned.

Examples

/**
 * Search the table for rows where the value of Col_Keyword exactly matches "hangzhou".
 * @param client
 */
private static void termQuery(SyncClient client) {
    SearchQuery searchQuery = new SearchQuery();
    TermQuery termQuery = new TermQuery(); // Set the query type to TermQuery.
    termQuery.setFieldName("Col_Keyword"); // Set the name of the field that you want to match.
    termQuery.setTerm(ColumnValue.fromString("hangzhou")); // Set the value that you want to match.
    searchQuery.setQuery(termQuery);
    //searchQuery.setGetTotalCount(true); // Specify that the total number of matched rows is returned.

    SearchRequest searchRequest = new SearchRequest("sampleTable", "sampleSearchIndex", searchQuery);
    // You can set the columnsToGet parameter to specify the columns to return or specify that all columns are returned. If you do not set this parameter, only the primary key columns are returned.
    //SearchRequest.ColumnsToGet columnsToGet = new SearchRequest.ColumnsToGet();
    //columnsToGet.setReturnAll(true); // Set ReturnAll to true to return all columns.
    //columnsToGet.setColumns(Arrays.asList("ColName1","ColName2")); // Set Columns to return specified columns.
    //searchRequest.setColumnsToGet(columnsToGet);

    SearchResponse resp = client.search(searchRequest);
    //System.out.println("TotalCount: " + resp.getTotalCount()); // Display the total number of matched rows instead of the number of returned rows.
    System.out.println("Row: " + resp.getRows());
}