Community Blog What Is IoT

What Is IoT

The Internet of Things allows all ordinary physical objects that can be independently addressed to form an interconnected network.

Internet of Things, referred to as IoT, is a real-time collection of any objects or processes that need to be monitored, connected, and interacted through various devices and technologies, such as various information sensors, radio frequency identification technologies, global positioning systems, infrared sensors, and laser scanners.

The IoT(Internet of Things) collects various required information such as sound, light, heat, electricity, mechanics, chemistry, biology, location, etc., and realizes the ubiquitous connection between things and things, and things and people through various possible network access. The IoT(Internet of Things) realizes the intelligent perception, recognition and management of objects and processes.

The IoT(Internet of Things) is an information carrier based on the Internet and traditional telecommunications networks. The Internet of Things allows all ordinary physical objects that can be independently addressed to form an interconnected network.

IoT Definition

The IoT(Internet of Things) is the "Internet of Everything Connected", which is an extension and expansion network based on the Internet. It combines various information sensing equipment with the network to form a huge network, which realizes the interconnection of people, machines, and things at any time and any place.

The IoT(Internet of Things) is an important part of the new generation of information technology, and the IT industry also called it Pan-interconnection, which means that things are connected and everything is connected. Therefore, "The Internet of Things is the Internet of Things". It has two meanings, firstly, the core and foundation of the Internet of Things is still the Internet, which is an extension and expansion network based on the Internet; secondly, its user end extends to any item for information exchange and communication.

Therefore, the definition of the Internet of Things is to connect any object to the Internet through radio frequency identification, infrared sensors, global positioning systems, laser scanners and other information sensing equipment according to an agreed protocol. It is a kind of network that realizes the intelligent identification, positioning, tracking, monitoring and management of items through information exchange and communication.

IoT Feature

From the perspective of communication objects and processes, the basic feature of the IoT(Internet of Things) is that the information interaction between things, and between people and things.

The basic feature of the IoT(Internet of Things) can be summarized as overall perception, reliable transmission and intelligent processing.

  • Overall perception: Various types of information about objects can be obtained by sensing devices such as radio frequency identification, two-dimensional codes, and smart sensors.
  • Reliable transmission: Real-time and accurate transmission of object information for exchange and sharing, through the integration of the Internet and wireless networks.
  • Intelligent processing: Through the use of various intelligent technologies, the perception and transmission of data information are analyzed and processed, so as to realize the intelligence of monitoring and control.

Application of the IoT

The application field of the Internet of Things involves all aspects, such as industry, agriculture, environment, transportation, logistics, and security. The IoT(Internet of Things) has effectively promoted the intelligent development of these aspects. It enables more reasonable use and distribution of limited resources, and therefore can improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the industry.

The IoT(Internet of Things) can be applied to areas closely related to life, such as home furnishing, healthcare, education, finance and service industries, and tourism.
The IoT(Internet of Things) has greatly improved in terms of service scope, service methods and service quality. Therefore, the IoT(Internet of Things) has greatly improved the quality of people’s lives.

In the field of national defense and military affairs, although it is still in the research and exploration stage, the IoT(Internet of Things) applications cannot be underestimated.

From satellites, missiles, aircraft, submarines and other equipment systems to individual combat equipment,the embedding of IoT(Internet of Things) technology has effectively improved military intelligence, informationization, and precision, and greatly improved military combat effectiveness. The Internet of Things is the key to future military changes.

Application of the IoT to Intelligent Transportation

The application of IoT(Internet of Things) technology in road traffic is relatively mature. With the increasing popularity of social vehicles, traffic congestion and even paralysis have become a major problem in cities. Real-time monitoring of road traffic conditions and timely transmission of information to drivers, allowing drivers to make timely travel adjustments, effectively alleviating traffic pressure. Automatic road toll collection system set up at highway intersections will eliminate the time required to pick up and return the card at the entrance and exit, and it improves the efficiency of road traffic. The positioning system installed on the bus will understand the route and arrival time of the bus in time. Passengers can determine the trip according to the route, avoiding unnecessary waste of time.

Application of the IoT to Smart Home

Smart home is the basic application of the Internet of Things in the home. With the popularization of broadband services, smart home products involve all aspects.
When there is no one at home, people can use mobile phones to remotely operate the smart air conditioner to adjust the room temperature, thus realizing fully automatic temperature control operation, so that people can enjoy the comfort of coldness when they go home in the hot summer. People can switch smart bulbs, adjust the brightness and color of the bulbs, etc. through the client. Through the built-in Wifi in the socket, the remote control socket can be turned on and off regularly, and even the power consumption of the equipment can be monitored, and the power consumption chart can be generated.

Application of the IoT to Public Safety

In recent years, global climate abnormalities have occurred frequently, and the suddenness and harm of disasters have further increased. The IoT(Internet of Things) can monitor the insecurity of the environment in real-time, prevent in advance, warn in real-time, and take timely response measures to reduce the threat of disasters to human life and property.

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Laying the Cornerstone of IoT Security and Empowering the New Digital Economy

At a recent Central Political Bureau Standing Committee meeting, the government proposed to accelerate the development and construction of 5G, data centers, artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), and other new infrastructures. Eight provinces or direct-controlled municipalities, including Beijing, Shanghai, and Jiangsu, announced nearly RMB 34 trillion in new infrastructure investments. The state's high level of focus and support in this area has become the core driver of economic transformations, upgrades, and future economic growth.

IoT Development Practices: Decoding a Cloud Solution

The Internet of Things (IoT) is transforming every aspect of daily life and business. The first challenge during the development of the Internet of Things (IoT) is how to connect devices to the cloud.

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IoT Platform

Alibaba Cloud IoT Platform allows IoT companies stable communication between devices and the IoT Platform. Featuring nodes deployed globally, devices around the world can communicate with the IoT platform rapidly and with low latency. Alibaba Cloud IoT Platform also provides various security measures that guarantee individual device security as well as secure communication between devices and the IoT platform. Critical to Alibaba Cloud's IoT Platform is its data storage and processing capabilities which allow for the integration of APIs and other Alibaba Cloud services. Finally, Alibaba Cloud IoT platform is highly customizable, featuring a rules engine for rapid data collection, storage, and application development.

IoT Solutions

Build innovative applications to gather, process, analyze, and act on data generated by connected devices, without maintaining a separate infrastructure.
Take your smart technology platforms to the next level with stable, cost-efficient, smooth, and reliable cloud services. This lets you quickly build automated solutions with fully integrated, data-driven and highly scalable cloud computing solutions.

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