Community Blog How to Create Drupal Role with Ansible Playbook

How to Create Drupal Role with Ansible Playbook

In this article, you will get some information on the creation of Drupal role with Ansible Playbook.

In this article, you will get some information on the creation of Drupal role for further running of Ansible playbook.

Drupal Role

Create a new directory for "drupal" role and subdirectories for tasks.

mkdir -p roles/drupal/tasks

Now, create a new YAML file to write the tasks of "drupal" role.

nano roles/drupal/tasks/main.yaml

The Composer is used to manage the dependencies of a php-based project. Since we will be cloning the Git repository onto the server, we will require Composer to install the dependencies. Notice the "creates" keyword in the arguments. It simply verifies if the said file is created or not. The next task installs the Git.

Now that Git is installed, clone the Drush repository using the "git" module of the Ansible. Drush is a command line tool to install Drupal.

- name: clone Drush repository
    repo: https://github.com/drush-ops/drush.git
    version: "9.3.0"
    dest: /opt/drush

Create a soft link so that the Drush executable is called directly. The "file" module is used to create the soft links. Then install MySQL client. MySQL client is used by Drush to write the Drupal database.

- name: install mysql client
  package: name=mysql-client state=present

Create the directory to install Drupal. The "file" module is also used to create the directory.

- name: create the Drupal install directory
    path: "{{ drupal_site_path }}"
    state: directory

Clone the Drupal repository.

- name: clone Drupal repository
    repo: http://git.drupal.org/project/drupal.git
    version: "{{ drupal_version }}"
    dest: "{{ drupal_site_path }}"

Install the Drupal dependencies with the Composer.

- name: install Drupal dependencies with Composer
  shell: composer install
    chdir: "{{ drupal_site_path }}"
    creates: "{{ drupal_site_path }}/vendor/autoload.php"

Use Drush executable to install Drupal. We have used Ansible variables for providing the website name and the administrator credentials in the variable file.

- name: install Drupal
  shell: drush si -y --site-name="{{ drupal_site_name }}" --account-name={{ drupal_admin_username }} --account-pass="{{ drupal_admin_pass }}" --db-url=mysql://{{ drupal_db_user }}:{{ drupal_db_pass }}@{{ hostvars['db-server']['ansible_default_ipv4']['address'] }}/{{ drupal_db_name }}
    chdir: "{{ drupal_site_path }}"
Finally, set the proper ownership and permissions on Drupal directories and files.

- name: set proper ownership
    path: "{{ drupal_site_path }}"
    owner: www-data
    group: www-data
    recurse: yes

- name: set permissions on the settings file
    path: "{{ drupal_site_path }}/sites/default/settings.php"
    mode: 0744

- name: set permissions on files direcotry
    path: "{{ drupal_site_path }}/sites/default/files"
    mode: 0777
    state: directory
    recurse: yes

Save the file and exit from the editor. The role for installing the Drupal is also created. Since we have used some variable in the role we have created, let's add them in the global variable file we have created.

Edit the common global variables file.

nano group_vars/all.yaml

Append the following variables at the end of the line.

# Drupal Variables

drupal_version: 8.5.3
drupal_site_path: "/var/www/drupal"
drupal_site_name: "My Drupal Site"
drupal_admin_username: admin
drupal_admin_pass: StrongPass

Our Drupal website is now installed, but we will need to install NGINX web-server to expose the Drupal site to the internet. The last role "nginx" in our Ansible playbook will install the NGINX web-server along with optional SSL support by let's encrypt CA. The user can set the variable to true to generate the let's encrypt certificate in the global variables file. If the SSL cert is generated, then we will configure Drupal to be accessed from the domain name. Else, the Drupal site will be accessed from the IP address of the "web-server" instance.

For how to create Nginx role and run the playbook, please go to this tutorial.

Related Blog Posts

Deploying Drupal 8 using Ansible Playbook: Part 1

In this three-part tutorial, we will be deploying Drupal 8 using Ansible Playbook on an Alibaba Cloud Elastic Compute Service (ECS) instance. Specifically, we will learn more about writing a modular playbook for Ansible. Each group of tasks will be separated by a specific role in our playbook. In the first part of the tutorial, we will be looking at creating our project and overriding the default Ansible behavior. In the second part of the tutorial, we will write the plays into roles. In the last part of the tutorial, we'll be executing the playbook using Ansible after writing the remaining roles.

How to Deploy Drupal 8 with Ansible Playbook

In this article, you will get some information on the creation of the roles for our playbook to deploy drupal 8.

Related Market Product

Drupal 7 - CMS powered by MIRI Infotech (LAMP - Ubuntu16)

Drupal 7 saves time and money by providing a ready-to-run solution.It is secured, well supported and easy to maintain.The system auto-updates itself with security fixes.

Related Documentation

[Vulnerability notice] CVE-2017-6923/6924/6925: Multiple high-risk vulnerabilities in Dural

Drupal researchers released a security report on August 16, 2017, claiming that several bugs in Drupal 8 have been fixed and security patches have been updated online. According to research, the vulnerabilities affect multiple system components of Drupal 8, including the entity access system, REST API, and some view components.

Related Products

Elastic Compute Service

Alibaba Cloud Elastic Compute Service (ECS) provides fast memory and the latest Intel CPUs to help you to power your cloud applications and achieve faster results with low latency. All ECS instances come with Anti-DDoS protection to safeguard your data and applications from DDoS and Trojan attacks.

Alibaba Cloud SSL Certificates Service

Alibaba Cloud SSL Certificates Service allows customers to directly apply, purchase and manage SSL certificates on Alibaba Cloud. This service is offered in cooperation with qualified certificate authorities. From this platform, customers can select the expected certificate authority and its certificate products to enjoy full-site HTTPS security solutions.

Related Course

Build Your First Personal Website On Alibaba Cloud Using ECS

In this short video, we introduced how to quickly deploy a personal website with Alibaba Cloud ECS and Marketplace service.

0 0 0
Share on

Alibaba Clouder

2,600 posts | 751 followers

You may also like